Whitesides Research

Whitesides Group Publications: The 1990s

684."Bis-o-diynylarene (BODA) Derived Polynaphthalenes as Precursors to Glassy Carbon Microstructures", Shah, H.V., Brittain, S.T., Huang, Q., Hwu, S.-J., Whitesides, G.M., and Smith, D.W., Chem. Mat., 1999, 11, 2623-2625. PDF

683."Exposure of Self-Assembled Monolayers to Highly Charged Ions and Metastable Atoms", Ratliff, L.P., Minniti, R., Bard, A., Bell, E.W., Gillaspy, J.D., Parks, D., Black, A.J., and Whitesides, G.M., Appl. Phys. Lett., 1999, 75, 590-592. PDF

682."Fabrication of Ordered Two-Dimensional Arrays of Micro- and Nanoparticles Using Patterned Self-Assembled Monolayers as Templates", Qin, D., Xia, Y., Xu, B., Yang, H., Zhu, C., and Whitesides, G.M., Adv. Mater., 1999, 11, 1433-1437. PDF

681."Non-Statistical Binding of a Protein to Clustered Carbohydrates", Horan, N., Yan, L., Isobe, H., Whitesides, G.M., and Kahne, D., Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA, 1999, 96, 11782-11786. PDF

680."Selectivities among Capillary Bonds in Mesoscale Self-Assembly", Wu, H., Bowden, N., and Whitesides, G.M., Appl. Phys. Lett., 1999, 75, 3222-3224. PDF

679."The Controlled Formation of Ordered, Sinusoidal Structures by Plasma Oxidation of an Elastomeric Polymer", Bowden, N., Huck, W., Paul, K., and Whitesides, G.M., Appl. Phys. Lett., 1999, 75, 2557-2559. PDF

678."Patterned Polymer Growth on Silicon Surfaces Using Microcontact Printing and Surface-Initiated Polymerization", Jeon, N.L., Choi, I., Kim, N., Laibinis, P., Harada, Y., Finnie, K.R., Girolami, G.S., Nuzzo, R.G., and Whitesides, G.M., Appl. Phys. Lett., 1999, 75, 4201-4203. PDF

677."Patterning Proteins and Cells using Soft Lithography", Kane, R.S., Takayama, S., Ostuni, E., Ingber, D.E., and Whitesides, G.M., Biomaterials, 1999, 20, 2363-2376. PDF

676."Correlations Between the Charge of Proteins and the Number of Ionizable Groups They Incorporate: Studies Using Protein Charge Ladders, Capillary Electrophoresis, and Debye-HĂĽckel Theory", Carbeck, J.D., Colton, I.J., Anderson, J.R., Deutch, J.M.., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1999, 121, 10671-10679. PDF

675."Fabrication of Photonic Crystal Lasers by Nanomolding of Sol-Gel Glasses", Schueller, O.J.A., Whitesides, G.M., Rogers, J.A., Meier, M., and Dodabalapur, A., Appl. Opt., 1999, 38, 5799-5802. PDF

674."Macroscopic, Hierarchical Two-Dimensional Self-Assembly", Choi, I.S., Bowden, N.B., and Whitesides, G.M., Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl., 1999, 38, 3078-3081. PDF

673."Patterned Polymer Multilayers as Etch Resists", Huck, W.T.S., Yan, L., Stroock, A., Haag, R., and Whitesides, G.M., Langmuir, 1999, 15, 6862-6867. PDF

672."Using Patterns in Microfiche as Photomasks in 10-mm-Scale Microfabrication", Deng, T., Tien, J., Xu, B., and Whitesides, G.M., Langmuir, 1999, 15, 6575-6581. PDF

671."Patterning Disorder in Monolayer Resists for the Fabrication of Sub-100-nm Structures in Silver, Gold, Silicon, and Aluminum", Black, A.J., Paul, K.E., Aizenberg, J., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1999, 121, 8356-8365. PDF

670."Complexity in Chemistry", Whitesides, G.M., and Ismagilov, R.F., Science, 1999, 284, 89-92. PDF

669."Making Negative Poisson's Ratio Microstructures by Soft Lithography", Xu, B., Arias, F., Brittain, S.T., Zhao, X-M., Grzybowski, B., Torquato, S., and Whitesides, G.M., Adv. Mater., 1999, 11, 1186-1189. PDF

668."Microfabrication inside Capillaries Using Multiphase Laminar Flow Patterning", Kenis, P.J.A., Ismagilov, R.F., and Whitesides, G.M., Science, 1999, 285, 83-85. PDF

667."Patterning Cells and Their Environments Using Multiple Laminar Fluid Flows in Capillary Networks", Takayama, S., McDonald, J.C., Ostuni, E., Liang, M.N., Kenis, P.J.A., Ismagilov, R.F., and Whitesides, G.M., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 1999, 96, 5545-5548. PDF

666."Design and Self-Assembly of Open, Regular 3D Mesostructures", Breen, T.L., Tien, J., Oliver, S.R.J., Hadzic, T., and Whitesides, G.M., Science, 1999, 284, 948-951. PDF

665."Large-Area Patterning by Vacuum-Assisted Micromolding", Jeon, N.L., Choi, I.S., Xu, B., and Whitesides, G.M., Adv. Mater., 1999, 11, 946-950. PDF

664."Electrical Breakdown of Aliphatic and Aromatic Self-Assembled Monolayers Used as Nanometer-Thick Organic Dielectrics", Haag, R., Rampi, M.A., Holmlin, R.E., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1999, 121, 7895-7906. PDF

663."Binding of a Dimeric Derivative of Vancomycin with L-Lys-D-Ala-D-lactate in Solution and at a Surface", Rao, J., Yan, L., Lahiri, J., Whitesides, G.M., Weis, R.M., and Warren, H.S., Chem. & Biol., 1999, 6, 353-359. PDF

662."Geometric Control of Switching Between Growth, Apoptosis, and Differentiation During Angiogenesis Using Micropatterned Substrates", Dike, L.E., Chen, C.S., Mrksich, M., Tien, J., Whitesides, G.M., and Ingber, D.E., In Vitro Cell. Dev. Biol., 1999, 35, 441-448. PDF

661."Rapid Prototyping of Microfluidic Switches in Poly(dimethyl siloxane) and Their Actuation by Electroosmotic Flow", Duffy, D.C., Schueller, O.J.A., Brittain, S.T., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Micromechan. Microeng., 1999, 9, 211-217. PDF

660."Electrochemistry and Soft Lithography: A Route to 3-D Microstructures", Jackman, R.J., and Whitesides, G.M., CHEMTECH, 1999, 29, 18-30. PDF

659."Oriented Growth of Calcite Controlled by Self-Assembled Monolayers of Functionalized Alkanethiols Supported on Gold and Silver", Aizenberg, J., Black, A.J., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1999, 121, 4500-4509. PDF

658."Long-Range Electrostatic Contributions to Protein-Ligand Binding Estimated Using Protein Charge Ladders, Affinity Capillary Electrophoresis, and Continuum Electrostatic Theory", Caravella, J.A., Carbeck, J.D., Duffy, D.C., Whitesides, G.M., and Tidor, B., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1999, 121, 4340-4347. PDF

657."Thermally Actuated Interferometric Sensors Based on the Thermal Expansion of Transparent Elastomeric Media", Grzybowski, B.A., Brittain, S.T., and Whitesides, G.M., Rev. Sci. Instrum., 1999, 70, 2031-2037. PDF

656."Formation of Patterned Microstructures of Conducting Polymers by Soft Lithography and Applications in Microelectronic Device Fabrication", Beh, W.S., Kim, I.T., Qin, D., Xia, Y., and Whitesides, G.M., Adv. Mater., 1999, 11, 1038-1041. PDF

655."Using Elastomeric Membranes as Dry Resists and for Dry Lift-Off", Jackman, R.J., Duffy, D.C., Cherniavskaya, O., and Whitesides, G.M., Langmuir, 1999, 15, 2973-2984. PDF

654."Probing the Energetics of Dissociation of Carbonic Anhydrase-Ligand Complexes in the Gas Phase", Gao, J., Wu, Q., Carbeck, J., Lei, Q.P., Smith, R.D., and Whitesides, G.M., Biophys. J., 1999, 76, 3253-3260. PDF

653."Mesoscale Self-Assembly of Hexagonal Plates Using Lateral Capillary Forces: Synthesis Using the 'Capillary Bond'", Bowden, N., Choi, I.S., Grzybowski, B., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1999, 121, 5373-5391. PDF

652."Biospecific Binding of Carbonic Anhydrase to Mixed SAMs Presenting Benzenesulfonamide Ligands: A Model System for Studying Lateral Steric Effects", Lahiri, J., Isaacs, L., Grzybowski, B., Carbeck, J.D., and Whitesides, G.M., Langmuir, 1999, 15, 7186-7198. PDF

651."Making Honeycomb Microcomposites by Soft Lithography", Xu, B., Arias, F., and Whitesides, G.M., Adv. Mater., 1999, 11, 492-495. PDF

650."The Interaction of Proteins and Cells with Self-Assembled Monolayers of Alkanethiolates on Gold and Silver", Ostuni, E., Yan, L., and Whitesides, G.M., Colloid Surfaces B, 1999, 15, 30-Mar. PDF

649."Biological Surface Engineering: A Simple System for Cell Pattern Formation", Zhang, S., Yan, L., Altman, M., Lässle, M., Nugent, H., Frankel, F., Lauffenburger, D.A., Whitesides, G.M., and Rich, A., Biomater., 1999, 1213-1220. PDF

648."Patterning Electroluminescent Materials at Feature Sizes as Small as 5 µm Using Elastomeric Membranes as Masks for Dry Lift-Off", Duffy, D.C., Jackman, R.J., Vaeth, K.M., Jensen, K.F., and Whitesides, G.M., Adv. Mater., 1999, 11, 546-552. PDF

647."Unconventional Methods for Fabricating and Patterning Nanostructures", Xia, Y., Rogers, J.A., Paul, K.E., and Whitesides, G.M., Chem. Rev., 1999, 99, 1823-1848. PDF

646."Predicting Crystalline Packing Arrangements of Molecules That Form Hydrogen-Bonded Tapes", Chin, D.N., Palmore, G.T.R., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1999, 121, 2115-2122. PDF

645."Patterning Ligands on Reactive SAMs by Microcontact Printing", Lahiri, J., Ostuni, E., and Whitesides, G.M., Langmuir, 1999, 15, 2055-2060. PDF

644."A Strategy for the Generation of Surfaces Presenting Ligands for Studies of Binding Based on an Active Ester as a Common Reactive Intermediate: A Surface Plasmon Resonance Study", Lahiri, J., Isaacs, L.., Tien, J., and Whitesides, G.M., Anal. Chem., 1999, 71, 777-790. PDF

643."Microcontact Printing of Alkanephosphonic Acids on Aluminum: Pattern Transfer by Wet Chemical Etching", Goetting, L.B.., Deng, T., and Whitesides, G.M., Langmuir, 1999, 15, 1182-1191. PDF

642."Fabrication of Arrays of Schottky Diodes Using Microtransfer Molding", Hu, J., Deng, T., Beck, R.G., Westervelt, R.M., and Whitesides, G.M., Sensor Actuat. A-Phys., 1999, 75, 65-69. PDF

641."Microfabrication of Half-Wave Rectifier Circuits Using Soft Lithography", Deng, T., Goetting, L.B., Hu, J., and Whitesides, G.M., Sensor Actuat. A-Phys., 1999, 75, 60-64. PDF

640."Self-Assembly of Hydrogen-Bonded Polymeric Rods Based on the Cyanuric Acid•Melamine Lattice", Choi, I.S., Li, X., Simanek, E.E., Akaba, R., and Whitesides, G.M., Chem. Mat., 1999, 11, 684-690. PDF

639."Beam Redirection and Frequency Filtering with Transparent Elastomeric Diffractive Elements", Grzybowski, B.A., Qin, D., and Whitesides, G.M., Applied Optics , 1999, 38, 2997-3002. PDF

638."Three-Dimensional Metallic Microstructures Fabricated by Soft Lithography and Microelectrodeposition", Jackman, R.J., Brittain, S.T., Adams, A., Wu, H., Prentiss, M.G., Whitesides, S., and Whitesides, G.M., Langmuir, 1999, 15, 826-836. PDF

637."Patterning Thin Films of Poly(ethylene imine) on a Reactive SAM Using Microcontact Printing", Yan, L., Huck, W.T.S., Zhao, X.-M., and Whitesides, G.M., Langmuir, 1999, 15, 1208-1214. PDF

636."Control of Crystal Nucleation by Patterned Self-Assembled Monolayers", Aizenberg, J., Black, A.J., and Whitesides, G.M., Nature, 1999, 398, 495-498. PDF

635."Fabrication of Liquid-Core Waveguides by Soft Lithography", Schueller, O.J.A., Zhao, X.-M., Whitesides, G.M., Smith, S.P., and Prentiss, M., Adv. Mater., 1999, 11, 37-41. PDF

634."Micropatterned Surfaces for Control of Cell Shape, Position, and Function", Chen, C.S., Mrksich, M., Huang, S., Whitesides, G.M., and Ingber, D.E., Biotech. Prog., 1999, 14, 356-363. PDF

633."Fabrication of Glassy Carbon Microstructures by Soft Lithography", Schueller, O.J.A., Brittain, S.T., and Whitesides, G.M., Sensor Actuat. A-Phys., 1999, 72, 125-139. PDF

632."Reconfigurable Diffraction Gratings Based on Elastomeric Microfluidic Devices", Schueller, O.J.A., Duffy, D.C., Rogers, J.A., Brittain, S.T., and Whitesides, G.M., Sensor Actuat. A-Phys., 1999, 78, 149-159. PDF

631."Shape-Selective Recognition and Self-Assembly of mm-Scale Components", Choi, I.S., Bowden, N., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem Soc., 1999, 121, 1754-1755. PDF

630."Self-Assembling Systems on Scales from Nanometers to Millimeters: Design and Discovery", Isaacs, L., Chin, D.N., Bowden, N., Xia, Y., and Whitesides, G.M., Supramolecular Materials and Technologies, Reinhoudt, D.N., Eds., John Wiley & Sons Ltd., 1999, 4. PDF

629."Strategies for the Design and Assembly of Hydrogen-bonded Aggregates in the Solid State", Chin, D.N., Zerkowski, J.A., MacDonald, J.C., and Whitesides, G.M., Organised Molecular Assemblies in the Molecular Solid State, Whitesell, J.K., Eds., Wiley and Sons, 1999, Chapter 5. PDF

628."Self-Assembly and Self-Assembled Monolayers in Micro- and Nanofabrication", Wilbur, J.L., and Whitesides, G.M., Nanotechnology, Timp, G., Eds., Springer-Verlag, 1999.

627."Using Surface Plasmon Resonance to Study the Binding of Vancomycin and Its Dimer to Self-Assembled Monolayers Presenting D-Ala-D-Ala", Rao, J., Yan, L., Xu, B., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1999, 121, 2629-2630. PDF

626."Hierarchically Ordered Oxides", Yang, P., Deng, T., Zhao, D., Feng, P., Pine, D., Chmelka, B.F., Whitesides, G.M., and Stucky, G.D., Science, 1998, 282, 2244-2246. PDF

625."Generation of Micrometer-Sized Patterns for Microanalytical Applications Using a Laser Direct-Write Method and Microcontact Printing", Grzybowski, B.A., Haag, R., Bowden, N., and Whitesides, G.M., Anal. Chem., 1998, 70, 4645-4652. PDF

624."Maskless Lithography: Embossed Photoresist as its Own Optical Element", Paul, K.E., Breen, T.L., Aizenberg, J., and Whitesides, G.M., Appl. Phys. Lett., 1998, 73, 2893-2895. PDF

623."Using Self-Assembled Monolayers to Pattern ECM Proteins and Cells on Substrates", Chen, C.S., Ostuni, E., Whitesides, G.M., and Ingber, D.E., Methods in Molecular Biology: Extracellular Matrix Protocols, Streuli, C., Eds., Humana Press, 1998, 139. PDF

622."Crystallization of Millimeter-Scale Objects with Use of Capillary Forces", Tien, J., Breen, T.L., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1998, 120, 12670-12671. PDF

621."Rapid Prototyping of Microfluidic Systems in Poly(dimethylsiloxane)", Duffy, D.C., McDonald, J.C., Schueller, O.J.A., and Whitesides, G.M., Anal. Chem., 1998, 70, 4974-4984. PDF

620."Three-Dimensional Mesoscale Self-Assembly", Huck, W.T.S., Tien, J., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1998, 120, 8267-8268. PDF

619."Controlling Local Disorder in Self-Assembled Monolayers by Patterning the Topography of Their Metallic Supports", Aizenberg, J., Black, A.J., and Whitesides, G.M., Nature, 1998, 394, 868-871. PDF

618."Patterning a Preformed, Reactive SAM Using Microcontact Printing", Yan, L., Zhao, X.-M., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1998, 120, 6179-6180. PDF

617."Fabrication of Silicon MOSFETs Using Soft Lithography", Jeon, N.L, Hu, J., Whitesides, G.M., Erdhardt, M.K, and Nuzzo, R.G., Advanced Materials (Weinheim, Federal Republic of Germany), 1998, 10, 1466-1469. PDF

616."Spontaneous Formation of Ordered Structures in Thin Films of Metals Supported on an Elastomeric Polymer", Bowden, N., Brittain, S., Evans, A.G., Hutchinson, J.W., and Whitesides, G.M., Nature, 1998, 393, 146-149. PDF

615."Correlation Between the Charge of Proteins in Solution and in the Gas Phase Investigated by Protein Charge Ladders, Capillary Electrophoresis, and Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry", Carbeck, J.D., Severs, J.C., Gao, J., Wu, Q., Smith, R.D., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Phys. Chem. B, 1998, 102, 10596-10601. PDF

614."A Trivalent System from Vancomycin•D-Ala-D-Ala with Higher Affinity Than Avidin•Biotin", Rao, J., Lahiri, J., Isaacs, L., Weis, R.M., and Whitesides, G.M., Science, 1998, 280, 708-711. PDF

613."Design and Fabrication of Topologically Complex, Three-Dimensional Microstructures", Jackman, R.J., Brittain, S.T., Adams, A., Prentiss, M.G., and Whitesides, G.M., Science, 1998, 280, 2089-2091. PDF

612."Fabricating Large Arrays of Microwells with Arbitrary Dimensions and Filling Them Using Discontinuous Dewetting", Jackman, R.J., Duffy, D.C., Ostuni, E., Willmore, N.D., and Whitesides, G.M., Anal. Chem., 1998, 70, 2280-2287. PDF

611."Alkanethiol Self-Assembled Monolayers as the Dielectric of Capacitors with Nanoscale Thickness", Rampi, M.A., Schueller, O.J.A., and Whitesides, G.M., Appl. Phys. Lett., 1998, 72, 1781-1783. PDF

610."The Adhesion Energy between Polymer Thin Films and Self-Assembled Monolayers", Zhuk, A.V., Evans, A.G., Hutchinson, J.W., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Mater. Res., 1998, 13, 3555-3564. PDF

609."Soft lithography and microfabrication", Brittain, S., Paul, K., Zhao, X.-M., and Whitesides, G., Physics World, 1998, 11, 31-36. PDF

608."Regulation of Protrusion Shape and Adhesion to the Substratum During Chemotactic Responses of Mammalian Carcinoma Cells", Bailly, M., Yan, L., Whitesides, G.M., Condeelis, J.S., and Segall, J.E., Exp. Cell Res., 1998, 241, 285-299. PDF

607."The Use of Soft Lithography to Fabricate Arrays of Schottky Diodes", Hu, J., Beck, R.G., Westervelt, R.M., and Whitesides, G.M., Adv. Mater., 1998, 10, 574-577. PDF

606."Studying How Different Terminal Groups Change the Motion of H2NSO2C6H4CONH(EG)3R When Bound to the Active Site of Human Carbonic Anhydrase II", Chin, D.N., Lau, A.Y., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Org. Chem., 1998, 63, 938-945. PDF

605."Thermally-Actuated Reflection Mode Asymmetric Fabry-Perot Modulator Utilizing a Thin Transparent Elastomeric Film", Rogers, J.A., Schueller, O.J.A., and Whitesides, G.M., Appl. Phys. Lett., 1998, 72, 1951-1953. PDF

604."Soft Lithography", Xia, Y., and Whitesides, G.M., Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci., 1998, 28, 153-184. PDF

603."Protein Charge Ladders, Capillary Electrophoresis, and the Role of Electrostatics in Biomolecular Recognition", Carbeck, J.D., Colton, I.J., Gao, J., and Whitesides, G.M., Acc. Chem. Res., 1998, 31, 343-350. PDF

602."Imaging profiles of light intensity in the near field: applications to phase-shift photolithography", Aizenberg, J., Rogers, J.A., Paul, K.E., and Whitesides, G.M., Appl. Optics, 1998, 37, 2145-2152. PDF

601."Fabrication of microstructures using shrinkable polystyrene films", Zhao, X.-M., Xia, Y., Schueller, O., Qin, D., and Whitesides, G.M., Sensor Actuat. A-Phys., 1998, 65, 209-217. PDF

600."Affinity capillary electrophoresis: A physical-organic tool for studying interactions in biomolecular recognition", Colton, I.J., Carbeck, J.D., Rao, J., and Whitesides, G.M., Electrophoresis, 1998, 19, 367-382. PDF

599."Molecular Conformation in Oligo(ethylene glycol)-Terminated Self-Assembled Monolayers on Gold and Silver Surfaces Determines Their Ability to Resist Protein Adsorption", Harder, P., Grunze, M., Dahint, R., Whitesides, G.M., and Laibinis, P., J. Phys. Chem. B, 1998, 102, 426-436. PDF

598."Polyvalent Interactions in Biological Systems: Implications for Design and Use of Multivalent Ligands and Inhibitors", Mammen, M., Choi, S.-K., and Whitesides, G.M., Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl., 1998, 37, 2755-2794. PDF

597."Fabrication of Three-Dimensional Microstructures by Electrochemically Welding Structures Formed by Microcontact Printing on Planar and Curved Substrates", Jackman, R.J., Brittain, S.T., and Whitesides, G.M., J. MEMS, 1998, 7, 261-266. PDF

596."Generating ~90 nanometer features using near-field contact-mode photolithography with an elastomeric phase mask", Rogers, J.A., Paul, K.E.., Jackman, R.J., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B, 1998, 16, 59-68. PDF

595."Using Mixed Self-Assembled Monolayers Presenting RGD and (EG)3OH Groups To Characterize Long-Term Attachment of Bovine Capillary Endothelial Cells to Surfaces", Roberts, C., Chen, C.S., Mrksich, M., Martichonok, V., Ingber, D.E., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1998, 120, 6548-6555. PDF

594."Self-Assembly of an Operating Electrical Circuit Based on Shape Complementarity and the Hydrophobic Effect", Terfort, A., and Whitesides, G.M., Adv. Mater., 1998, 10, 470-473. PDF

593."Estimating the Entropic Cost of Self-Assembly of Multiparticle Hydrogen-Bonded Aggregates Based on the Cyanuric Acid•Melamine Lattice", Mammen, M., Shakhnovich, E.I., Deutch, J.M., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Org. Chem., 1998, 63, 3821-3830. PDF

592."Use of Electroless Silver as the Substrate in Microcontact Printing of Alkanethiols, and Its Application in Microfabrication", Xia, Y., Venkateswaran, N., Qin, D., Tien, J., and Whitesides, G.M., Langmuir, 1998, 14, 363-371. PDF

591."Soft Lithography", Xia, Y., and Whitesides, G.M., Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl., 1998, 37, 550-575. PDF

590."Microcontact Printing of SAMs", Tien, J., Xia, Y., and Whitesides, G.M., Thin Films, Ulman, A., Eds., Academic Press, 1998. PDF

589."Quantifying distortions in soft lithography", Rogers, J.A., Paul, K.E., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B, 1998, 16, 88-97. PDF

588."Phase separation of ultrathin polymer-blend films on patterned substrates", Karim, A., Douglas, J.F., Lee, B.P., Glotzer, S.C., Rogers, J.A., Jackman, R.J., Amis, E.J., and Whitesides, G.M., Phys. Rev. E., 1998, 57, R6273-R6276. PDF

587."Patterning of a polysiloxane precursor to silicate glasses by microcontact printing", Marzolin, C., Terfort, A., Tien, J., and Whitesides, G.M., Thin Solid Films, 1998, 315, 12-Sep. PDF

586."Fabrication of Glass Microstructures by Micro-Molding of Sol-Gel Precursors", Marzolin, C., Smith, S.P., Prentiss, M., and Whitesides, G.M., Adv. Mater., 1998, 10, 571-574. PDF

585."Using a Convenient, Quantitative Model for Torsional Entropy To Establish Qualitative Trends for Molecular Processes That Restrict Conformational Freedom", Mammen, M., Shakhnovich, E.I., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Org. Chem., 1998, 63, 3168-3175. PDF

584."Affinity Capillary Electrophoresis: Using Capillary Electrophoresis to Study the Interactions of Proteins with Ligands", Gao, J., Mrksich, M., Mammen, M., and Whitesides, G.M., High Performance Capillary Electrophoresis: Theory, Techniques, and Applications, Khaledi, M.G., Eds., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1998. PDF

583."Photolithography with transparent reflective photomasks", Qin, D., Xia, Y., Black, A.J., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B, 1998, 16, 98-103. PDF

582."Effect of Surface Wettability on the Adsorption of Proteins and Detergents", Sigal, G.B., Mrksich, M., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1998, 120, 3464-3473. PDF

581."Microfabrication, Microstructures and Microsystems", Qin, D., Xia, Y., Rogers, J.A., Jackman, R.J., Zhao, X.-M., and Whitesides, G.M., Microsystem Technology in Chemistry and Life Sciences, Manz, A., and Becker, H., Eds., Springer-Verlag, 1998. PDF

580."A methanol/dioxygen biofuel cell that uses NAD+-dependent dehydrogenases as catalysts: application of an electro-enzymatic method to regenerate nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide at low overpotentials", Palmore, G.T.R., Bertschy, H., Bergens, S.H., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Electroanal. Chem., 1998, 443, 155-161. PDF

579."On the Surface of Things: Images of the Extraordinary in Science", Frankel, F., and Whitesides, G.M., , Chronicle Books, 1997.

578."Selective Deposition of Conducting Polymers on Hydroxyl-Terminated Surfaces with Printed Monolayers of Alkylsiloxanes as Templates", Huang, Z., Wang, P.-C., MacDiarmid, A.G., Xia, Y., and Whitesides, G.M., Langmuir, 1997, 13, 6480-6484. PDF

577."Microfabrication Through Electrostatic Self-Assembly", Tien, J., Terfort, A., and Whitesides, G.M., Langmuir, 1997, 13, 5349-5355. PDF

576."Tight Binding of a Dimeric Derivative of Vancomycin with Dimeric L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Ala", Rao, J., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1997, 119, 10286-10290. PDF

575."Using Capillary Electrophoresis to Study the Electrostatic Interactions Involved in the Association of D-Ala-D-Ala with Vancomycin", Rao, J., Colton, I.J., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1997, 119, 9336-9340. PDF

574."Geometric Control of Cell Life and Death", Chen, C.S., Mrksich, M., Huang, S., Whitesides, G.M., and Ingber, D.E., Science, 1997, 276, 1425-1428. PDF

573."Demonstration of waveguide couplers fabricated using microtransfer molding", Zhao, X.-M., Smith, S.P., Waldman, S.J., Whitesides, G.M., and Prentiss, M., Appl. Phys. Lett., 1997, 71, 1017-1019. PDF

572."Soft Lithographic Methods for Nanofabrication", Zhao, X.-M., Younan, X., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Mat. Chem., 1997, 7, 1069-1074. PDF

571."Fabrication and Characterization of Glassy Carbon MEMS", Schueller, O.J.A., Brittain, S.T., Marzolin, C., and Whitesides, G.M., Chem. Mat., 1997, 9, 1399-1406. PDF

570."Using Microcontact Printing to Fabricate Microcoils on Capillaries for High Resolution Proton Nuclear Magnetic Resonance on Nanoliter Volumes", Rogers, J.A., Jackman, R.J., Whitesides, G.M., Olson, D.L., and Sweedler, J.V., Appl. Phys. Lett., 1997, 70, 2464-2466. PDF

569."Microscopic Patterning of Oriented Mesocopic Silica through Guided Growth", Trau, M., Yao, N., Kim, E., Xia, Y., Whitesides, G.M., and Aksay, I.A., Nature, 1997, 390, 674-676. PDF

568."Solvent-Assisted Microcontact Molding: A Convenient Method for Fabricating Three-Dimensional Structures on Surfaces of Polymers", Kim, E., Xia, Y., Zhao, X.-M., and Whitesides, G.M., Adv. Mater., 1997, 9, 651-654. PDF

567."Formation of Protein Charge Ladders by Acylation of Amino Groups on Proteins", Colton, I.J., Anderson, J.R., Gao, J., Chapman, R.G., Isaacs, L., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1997, 119, 12701-12709. PDF

566."Formation and Reaction of Interchain Carboxylic Anhydride Groups on Self-Assembled Monolayers on Gold", Yan, L., Marzolin, C., Terfort, A., and Whitesides, G.M., Langmuir, 1997, 13, 6704-6712. PDF

565."Using Microcontact Printing to Pattern the Attachment of Mammalian Cells to Self-Assembled Monolayers of Alkanethiolates on Transparent Films of Gold and Silver", Mrksich, M., Dike, L.E., Tien, J., Ingber, D.E., and Whitesides, G.M., Exp. Cell Res., 1997, 235, 305-313. PDF

564."Elastomeric Light Valves", Qin, D., Xia, Y., and Whitesides, G.M., Adv. Mater., 1997, 9, 407-410. PDF

563."Imaging the Irradiance Distribution in the Optical Near Field", Aizenberg, J., Rogers, J.A., Paul, K.E., and Whitesides, G.M., Appl. Phys. Lett., 1997, 71, 3773-3775. PDF

562."Nanometer scale patterning and pattern transfer on amorphous Si, crystalline Si, and SiO2 surfaces using self-assembled monolayers", Wang, D., Thomas, S.G., Wang, K.L., Xia, Y., and Whitesides, G.M., Appl. Phys. Lett., 1997, 70, 1593-1595. PDF

561."Using an Elastomeric Phase Mask for sub-100 nm Photolithography in the Optical Near Field", Rogers, J.A., Paul, K.E., Jackman, R.J., and Whitesides, G.M., Appl. Phys. Lett., 1997, 70, 2658-2660. PDF

560."Fabrication of Glassy Carbon Microstructures by Pyrolysis of Microfabricated Polymeric Precursors", Schueller, O.J.A., Brittain, S.T., and Whitesides, G.M., Adv. Mater., 1997, 9, 477-480. PDF

559."Representing Primary Electrophoretic Data in the 1/Time Domain: Comparison to Representations in the Time Domain", Mammen, M., Colton, I.J., Carbeck, J., Bradley, R., and Whitesides, G.M., Anal. Chem., 1997, 69, 2165-2170. PDF

558."Three-dimensional self-assembly of millimetre-scale components", Terfort, A., Bowden, N., and Whitesides, G.M., Nature, 1997, 386, 162-164. PDF

557."Self-Assembly of Mesoscale Objects into Ordered Two-Dimensional Arrays", Bowden, N., Terfort, A., Carbeck, J., and Whitesides, G.M., Science, 1997, 276, 233-235. PDF

556."Treating Electrostatic Shielding at the Surface of Silica as Discrete Siloxide•Cation Interactions", Mammen, M., Carbeck, J., Simanek, E.E., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1997, 119, 3469-3476. PDF

555."Using Self-Assembled Monolayers That Present Oligo(ethylene glycol) Groups To Control the Interactions of Proteins with Surfaces", Mrksich, M., and Whitesides, G.M., Poly(ethylene glycol) Chemistry and Biological Applications, Harris, J.M., and Zalipsky, S., Eds., American Chemical Society, 1997. PDF

554."Using Surface Plasmon Resonance Spectroscopy to Measure the Association of Detergents with Self-Assembled Monolayers of Hexadecanethiolate on Gold", Sigal, G.B., Mrksich, M., and Whitesides, G.M., Langmuir, 1997, 13, 2749-2755. PDF

553."Generation and In Situ Evaluation of Libraries of Poly(Acrylic Acid) Presenting Sialosides as Side Chains as Polyvalent Inhibitors of Influenza-Mediated Hemagglutination", Choi, S.-K., Mammen, M., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1997, 119, 4103-4111. PDF

552."Using Soft Lithography to Fabricate GaAs/AlGaAs Heterostructure Field Effect Transistors", Hu, J., Beck, R.G., Deng, T., Westervelt, R.M., Maranowski, K.D., Gossard, A.C., and Whitesides, G.M., Appl. Phys. Lett., 1997, 71, 2020-2022. PDF

551."On-Line Detection of Nonspecific Protein Adsorption at Artificial Surfaces", Seigel, R.R., Harder, P., Dahint, R., Grunze, M., Josse, F., Mrksich, M., and Whitesides, G.M., Analytical Chemistry, 1997, 69, 3321-3328. PDF

550."Fabrication and Characterization of a Concentric, Cylindrical Microtransformer", Jackman, R.J., Rogers, J.A., and Whitesides, G.M., IEEE Trans. Magnetics, 1997, 33, 2501-2503. PDF

549."Extending Microcontact Printing as a Microlithographic Technique", Xia, Y., and Whitesides, G.M., Langmuir, 1997, 13, 2059-2067. PDF

548."Microcontact Printing and Electroplating on Curved Substrates: A Means for Producing Free-Standing Three-Dimensional Microstructures with Possible Applications Ranging from Micro-Coil Springs to Coronary Stents", Rogers, J.A., Jackman, R.J., and Whitesides, G.M., Adv. Mater., 1997, 9, 475-477. PDF

547."Constructing Single- and Multiple-Helical Microcoils and Characterizing Their Performance as Components of Microinductors and Microelectromagnets", Rogers, J.A., Jackman, R.J., and Whitesides, G.M., J. MEMS, 1997, 6, 184-192. PDF

546."Benzimidazolene-2-thiones: A New Class of Molecules for the Engineering of Molecular Tapes in the Organic Solid State", Simanek, E.E., Tsoi, A., Wang, C.C.C., Whitesides, G.M., McBride, M., and Palmore, T.R., Chem. Mat., 1997, 9, 1954-1961. PDF

545."Nanostructure fabrication in silicon using cesium to pattern a self-assembled monolayer", Younkin, R., Berggren, K.K., Johnson, K.S., Prentiss, M., Ralph, D.C., and Whitesides, G.M., Appl. Phys. Lett., 1997, 71, 1261-1263. PDF

544."A miniaturized arrayed assay format for detecting small molecule-protein interactions in cells", You, A.J., Jackman, R.J., Whitesides, G.M., and Schreiber, S.L., Chem. Biol., 1997, 4, 969-975. PDF

543."Fabrication of Polymeric Microstructures With High Aspect Ratios Using Shrinkable Polystyrene Films", Zhao, X.-M., Xia, Y., Qin, D., and Whitesides, G.M., Adv. Mater., 1997, 9, 251-254. PDF

542."Using Protein Charge Ladders to Estimate the Effective Charges and Molecular Weights of Proteins in Solution", Gao, J., and Whitesides, G.M., Anal. Chem., 1997, 69, 575-580. PDF

541."Observation of Diastereomers of the Hydrogen-Bonded Aggregate Hub(M)3•3CA Using 1H Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy When CA Is an Optically-Active Isocyanuric Acid", Simanek, E.E., Qiao, S., Choi, I.S., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Org. Chem., 1997, 62, 2619-2621. PDF

540."Self-Assembly of Zinc Porphyrins around the Periphery of Hydrogen-Bonded Aggregates that Bear Imidazole Groups", Simanek, E.E., Isaacs, L., Li, X., Wang, C.C.C., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Org. Chem., 1997, 62, 8994-9000. PDF

539."Replica Molding Using Polymeric Materials: A Practical Step Toward Nanomanufacturing", Xia, Y., McClelland, J.J., Gupta, R., Qin, D., Zhao, X.-M., Sohn, L.L., Celotta, R.J., and Whitesides, G.M., Adv. Mater., 1997, 9, 147-149. PDF

538."Demonstration of a Nanolithographic System Using a Self-Assembled Monolayer Resist for Neutral Atomic Cesium", Berggren, K.K., Youkin, R., Cheung, E., Prentiss, M., Black, A.J., Whitesides, G.M., Ralph, D.C., Black, C.T., and Tinkham, M., Adv. Mater., 1997, 9, 52-55. PDF

537."Using Self-Assembled Monolayers to Study the Interactions of Man-Made Materials with Proteins", Merritt, M.V., Mrksich, M., and Whitesides, G.M., Principles of Tissue Engineering, Lanza, R.P., Chick, W.L., and Langer, R., Eds., R. G. Landes Co., 1997. PDF

536."Micro- and Nanofabrication Techniques Based on Self-Assembled Monolayers", Nealey, P.F., Black, A.J., Wilbur, J.L., and Whitesides, G.M., Molecular Electronics, Jortner, J., and Ratner, M., Eds., Blackwell Science, 1997. PDF

535."Wave-front Engineering by Use of Transparent Elastomeric Optical Elements", Rogers, J.A., Schueller, O.J.A., Marzolin, C., and Whitesides, G.M., Appl. Optics, 1997, 36, 5792-5795. PDF

534."Studies on a-sialylation using sialyl donors with an auxiliary 3-thiophenyl group", Martichonok, V., and Whitesides, G.M., Carbohyd. Res., 1997, 302, 123-129. PDF

533."Polymorphic Packing Arrangements in a Class of Engineered Organic Crystals", Zerkowski, J.A., MacDonald, J.C., and Whitesides, G.M., Chem. Mat., 1997, 9, 1933-1941. PDF

532."Hydrogen-Bonded Tapes Based on Symmetrically Substituted Diketopiperazines: A Robust Structural Motif for the Engineering of Molecular Solids", Palacin, S., Chin, D.N., Simanek, E.E., MacDonald, J.C., Whitesides, G.M.*, McBride, M.T., and Palmore, G.T.R., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1997, 119, 11807-11816. PDF

531."Using microcontact printing to generate amplitude photomasks on the surfaces of optical fibers: A method for producing in-fiber gratings", Rogers, J.A., Jackman, R.J., Whitesides, G.M., Wagner, J.L., and Vengsarkar, A., Appl. Phys. Lett., 1997, 70, 9-Jul. PDF

530."Self-assembled monolayers exposed by metastable argon and metastable helium for neutral atom lithography and atomic beam imaging", Bard, A., Berggren, K.K., Wilbur, J.L., Gillaspy, J.D., Rolston, S.L., McClelland, J.J., Phillips, W.D., Prentiss, M., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B, 1997, 15, 1805-1810. PDF

529."Stimulation of Human Cytotoxic T Cells with HIV-Derived Peptides Presented by Recombinant HLA-A2 Peptide Complexes", Walter, J.B., Brander, C., Mammen, M., Garboczi, D., Kalams, S.A., Whitesides, G.M., Walker, B., and Eisen, H.N., Int. Imm., 1997, 9, 451-459. PDF

528."Computations and 1H NMR Spectroscopy of the Imide Region Can Distinguish Isomers of Hydrogen-Bonded Aggregates", Chin, D.N.., Simanek, E.E., Li, X., Wazeer, M.I.M.., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Org. Chem., 1997, 62, 1891-1895. PDF

527."Imbibition and Flow of Wetting Liquids in Noncircular Capillaries", Kim, E., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Phys. Chem. B, 1997, 101, 855-863. PDF

526."Noncovalent Polycationic Coatings for Capillaries in Capillary Electrophoresis of Proteins", Cordova, E., Gao, J., and Whitesides, G.M., Anal. Chem., 1997, 69, 1370-1379. PDF

525."Carbonic Anhydrase-Inhibitor Binding: From Solution to the Gas Phase", Wu, Q., Gao, J., Joseph-McCarthy, D., Sigal, G.B., Bruce, J.E., Whitesides, G.M., and Smith, R.D., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1996, 119, 1157-1158. PDF

524."Synthesis of a Phosphonate Analog of Sialic Acid (Neu5Ac) Using Indium-Mediated Allylation of Unprotected Carbohydrates in Aqueous Media", Gao, J., Martichonok, V., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Org. Chem., 1996, 61, 9538-9540. PDF

523."Predicting the Relative Stabilities of Multi-particle Hydrogen-Bonded Aggregates Based on the Number of Hydrogen Bonds and the Number of Particles, and Measuring These Stabilities with Titrations Using Dimethylsulfoxide", Mammen, M., Simanek, E.E., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1996, 118, 12614-12623. PDF

522."Synthesis of C-5 Analogs of N-Acetylneuraminic Acid via Indium-mediated Allylation of N-Substituted 2-Amino-2-deoxymannoses", Choi, S.-K., Lee, S., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Org. Chem., 1996, 61, 8739-8745. PDF

521."Using Neutral Metastable Argon Atoms and Contamination Lithography to Form Nanostructures in Silicon, Silicon Dioxide, and Gold", Johnson, K.S., Berggren, K.K., Black, A.J., Black, C.T., Chu, A.P., Dekker, N.H., Ralph, D.C., Thywissen, J.H., Youkin, R., Prentiss, M., Tinkham, M., and Whitesides, G.M., Appl. Phys. Lett., 1996, 69, 2773-2775. PDF

520."Microcontact Printing with a Cylindrical Rolling Stamp: A Practical Step Toward Automatic Manufacturing of Patterns with Submicrometer-Sized Features", Xia, Y., Qin, D., and Whitesides, G.M., Adv. Mater., 1996, 8, 1015-1017. PDF

519."Self-Assembled Monolayers and Lithography", Whitesides, G.M., Black, A.J., Nealey, P.F., and Wilbur, J.L., The Robert A. Welch Foundation 39th Conference on Chemical Research on Nanophase Chemistry, 1996. PDF

518."Fabrication of Micrometer-Scale Structures on GaAs and GaAs/AlGaAs Quantum Well Material Using Microcontact Printing", Kim, E., Whitesides, G.M., Freiler, M.B., Levy, M., Lin, J.L., and Osgood, R.M., Nanotechnology, 1996, 7, 266-269. PDF

517."Cyanuric Acid and Melamine: A Platform for the Construction of Soluble Aggregates and Crystalline Materials", Simanek, E.E., Li, X., Choi, I.S., and Whitesides, G.M., Templating, Self-Assembly and Self-Organization, Sauvage, J.-P., and Hosseini, M.W., Eds., Elsevier Science, 1996. PDF

516."Pattern Transfer to Silicon by Microcontact Printing and RIE", Whidden, T.K., Ferry, D.K., Kozicki, M.N., Kim, E., Kumar, A., Wilbur, J.L., and Whitesides, G.M., Nanotechnology, 1996, 7, 447-451. PDF

515."Microcontact Printing of Self-Assembled Monolayers: Applications in Microfabrication", Wilbur, J.L., Kumar, A., Biebuyck, H.A., Kim, E., and Whitesides, G.M., Nanotechnology, 1996, 7, 452-457. PDF

514."Non-Photolithographic Methods for Fabrication of Elastomeric Stamps for Use in Microcontact Printing", Xia, Y., Tien, J., Qin, D., and Whitesides, G.M., Langmuir, 1996, 12, 4033-4038. PDF

513."A New Strategy for Controlling the Size and Shape of Metallic Features Formed by Electroless Deposition of Copper: Microcontact Printing of Catalysts on Oriented Polymers, Followed by Thermal Shrinkage", Hidber, P.C., Nealey, P.F., Helbig, W., and Whitesides, G.M., Langmuir, 1996, 12, 5209-5215. PDF

512."Shadowed Sputtering of Gold on V-Shaped Microtrenches Etched in Silicon and Applications in Microfabrication", Xia, Y., and Whitesides, G.M., Adv. Mater., 1996, 8, 765-768. PDF

511."Elastomeric Binary Phase Gratings for Measuring Acceleration, Displacement, Strain and Stress", Rogers, J.A., Qin, D., Schueller, O.J.A., and Whitesides, G.M., Rev. Sci. Instrum., 1996, 67, 3310-3319. PDF

510."A Practical Method for the Synthesis of a-Sialyl Glycosides", Martichonok, V., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1996, 118, 8187-8191. PDF

509."Functional Group Identification in Scanning Tunneling Microscopy of Molecular Adsorbates", Cyr, D.M., Venkataraman, B., Flynn, G.W., Black, A., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Phys. Chem., 1996, 100, 13747-13759. PDF

508."Molecular Self-Assembly of Aliphatic Thiols on Gold Colloids", Weisbecker, C.S., and Whitesides, G.M., Langmuir, 1996, 12, 3763-3772. PDF

507."Microcontact Printing of Alkanethiols on Silver and Its Application in Microfabrication", Xia, Y., Kim, E., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Electrochem. Soc., 1996, 143, 1070-1079. PDF

506."Controlling Cell Attachment on Contoured Surfaces with Self-Assembled Monolayers of Alkanethiolates on Gold", Mrksich, M., Chen, C.S., Xia, Y., Dike, L.E., Ingber, D.E., and Whitesides, G.M., Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA, 1996, 93, 10775-10778. PDF

505."Characterization of Hydrogen-bonded Aggregates in Chloroform by Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry", Cheng, X., Gao, Q., Smith, R.D., Simanek, E.E., Mammen, M., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Org. Chem., 1996, 61, 2204-2206. PDF

504."Complex Optical Surfaces by Replica Molding against Elastomeric Masters", Xia, Y., Kim, E., Zhao, X.-M., Rogers, J.A., Prentiss, M., and Whitesides, G.M., Science, 1996, 273, 347-349. PDF

503."Elastomeric Diffraction Gratings as Photothermal Detectors", Rogers, J.A., Jackman, R.J., Schueller, O.J.A., and Whitesides, G.M., Appl. Optics, 1996, 35, 6641-6647. PDF

502."Micromolding in Capillaries: Applications in Materials Science", Kim, E., Xia, Y., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1996, 118, 5722-5731. PDF

501."Micromolding of Polymers in Capillaries: Applications in Microfabrication", Xia, Y., Kim, E., and Whitesides, G.M., Chem. Mat., 1996, 8, 1558-1567. PDF

500."Fabrication of Single-Mode Polymeric Waveguides Using Micromolding in Capillaries", Zhao, X.-M., Stoddart, A., Smith, S.P., Kim, E., Xia, Y., Prentiss, M., and Whitesides, G.M., Adv. Mater., 1996, 8, 420-424. PDF

499."Elastomeric Optics", Wilbur, J.L., Jackman, R.J., Whitesides, G.M., Cheng, E., Lee, L., and Prentiss, M., Chem. Mat., 1996, 8, 1380-1385. PDF

498."Pattern Transfer: Self-Assembled Monolayers as Ultrathin Resists", Xia, Y., Zhao, X.-M., and Whitesides, G.M., Microelec. Eng., 1996, 32, 255-268. PDF

497."Optically Controlled Collisions of Biological Objects to Evaluate Potent Polyvalent Inhibitors of Virus-Cell Adhesion", Mammen, M., Helmerson, K., Kishore, R., Choi, S.-K., Phillips, W.D., and Whitesides, G.M., Chem. Biol., 1996, 3, 757-763. PDF

496."Approaches to Synthesis Based on Non-Covalent Bonds", Whitesides, G.M., Simanek, E.E., and Gorman, C.B., NATO Advanced Study Institute on Chemical Synthesis: Gnosis to Prognosis, Chatgilialoglu, C., and Snieckus, V., Eds., Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1996. PDF

495."Rapid Prototyping of Complex Structures with Feature Sizes Larger than 20 µm", Qin, D., Xia, Y., and Whitesides, G.M., Adv. Mater., 1996, 8, 917-919. PDF

494."Monomeric Inhibitors of Influenza Neuraminidase Enhance the Hemagglutination Inhibition Activities of Polyacrylamides Presenting Multiple C-Sialoside Groups", Choi, S.-K., Mammen, M., and Whitesides, G.M., Chem. Biol., 1996, 3, 97-104. PDF

493."Benzenesulfonamide-Peptide Conjugates as Probes for Secondary Binding Sites Near the Active Site of Carbonic Anhydrase", Sigal, G.B., and Whitesides, G.M., Bioorg. & Med. Chem. Lett., 1996, 6, 559-564. PDF

492."Evaluating Electrostatic Contributions to Binding with the Use of Protein Charge Ladders", Gao, J., Mammen, M., and Whitesides, G.M., Science, 1996, 272, 535-537. PDF

491."Patterning with Magnetic Materials at the Micron Scale", Palacin, S., Hidber, P.C., Bourgoin, J.-P., Miramond, C., Fermon, C., and Whitesides, G.M., Chem. Mat., 1996, 8, 1316-1325. PDF

490."Two- and Three-Dimensional Crystallization of Polymeric Microspheres by Micromolding in Capillaries", Kim, E., Xia, Y., and Whitesides, G.M., Adv. Mater., 1996, 8, 245-247. PDF

489."Polyacrylamides Bearing Pendant a-Sialoside Groups Strongly Inhibit Agglutination of Erythrocytes by Influenza Virus: The Strong Inhibition Reflects Enhanced Binding through Cooperative Polyvalent Interactions", Sigal, G.B., Mammen, M., Dahmann, G., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1996, 118, 3789-3800. PDF

488."Screening Derivatized Peptide Libraries for Tight Binding Inhibitors to Carbonic Anhydrase II by Electrospray Ionization-Mass Spectrometry", Gao, J., Cheng, X., Chen, R., Sigal, G.B., Bruce, J.E., Schwartz, B.L., Hofstadler, S.A., Anderson, G.A., Smith, R.D., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Med. Chem., 1996, 39, 1949-1955. PDF

487."Stereoselective a-Sialylation with Sialyl Xanthate and Phenylsulfenyl Triflate (PST) as a Promotor", Martichonok, V., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Org. Chem., 1996, 61, 1702-1706. PDF

486."Microcontact Printing of Palladium Colloids: Micron-Scale Patterning by Electroless Deposition of Copper", Hidber, P.C., Helbig, W., Kim, E., and Whitesides, G.M., Langmuir, 1996, 12, 1375-1380. PDF

485."Using Self-Assembled Monolayers to Understand the Interactions of Man-Made Surfaces with Proteins and Cells", Mrksich, M., and Whitesides, G.M., Ann. Rev. Biophys. Biomol. Struct., 1996, 25, 55-78. PDF

484."Engineering the Solid State with 2-Benzimidazolones", Schwiebert, K.E., Chin, D.N., MacDonald, J.C., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1996, 118, 4018-4029. PDF

483."Contact Angles for Liquid Drops at a Model Heterogeneous Surface Consisting of Alternating and Parallel Hydrophobic/Hydrophilic Strips", Drelich, J., Wilbur, J.L., Miller, J.D., and Whitesides, G.M., Langmuir, 1996, 12, 1913-1922. PDF

482."Synthesis and Evaluation of Thioether-Based Tris-Melamines as Components of Self-Assembled Aggregates Based on the CA-M Lattice", Li, X., Chin, D., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Org. Chem., 1996, 61, 1779-1786. PDF

481."A Self-Assembled Monolayer for the Binding and Study of Histidine-Tagged Proteins by Surface Plasmon Resonance", Sigal, G.B., Bamdad, C., Barberis, A., Strominger, J., and Whitesides, G.M., Anal. Chem., 1996, 68, 490-497. PDF

480."Platinum-Catalyzed Oxidations of Organic Compounds by Ferric Sulfate: Use of a Redox Fuel Cell to Mediate Complete Oxidation of Ethylene Glycol by Dioxygen at 80°C", Gorman, C.B., Bergens, S.H., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Catal., 1996, 158, 92-96. PDF

479."Fabrication of Arrays of Channel Waveguides by Three-Dimensional Self-Assembly Using Patterned Organic Monolayers as Templates", Kim, E., Whitesides, G.M., Lee, L.K.., Smith, S.P.., and Prentiss, M., Adv. Mat., 1996, 8, 139-142. PDF

478."Using Two-Stage Chemical Amplification to Determine the Density of Defects in Self-Assembled Monolayers of Alkanethiolates on Gold", Zhao, X.-M., Wilbur, J.L., and Whitesides, G.M., Langmuir, 1996, 12, 3257-3264. PDF

477."Fabrication of Three-Dimensional Micro-Structures: Microtransfer Molding", Zhao, X.-M., Xia, Y., and Whitesides, G.M., Adv. Mater., 1996, 8, 837-840. PDF

476."Self-Assembled Monolayers of Alkanethiolates Presenting Tri(propylenesulfoxide) Groups Resist the Adsorption of Protein", Deng, L., Mrksich, M., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1996, 118, 5136-5137. PDF

475."Microcontact Printing of Alkanethiols on Copper and Its Application in Microfabrication", Xia, Y., Kim, E., Mrksich, M., and Whitesides, G.M., Chem. Mat., 1996, 8, 601-603. PDF

474."Holy Grails of Chemistry", Bard, A.J., Whitesides, G.M., Zare, R.N., and McLafferty, F.W., Acc. Chem. Res., 1995, 28, 91.

473."Formation of Polymer Microstructures by Selective Deposition of Polyion Multilayers using Patterned SAMs as a Template", Hammond, P.T., and Whitesides, G.M., Macromolecules, 1995, 28, 7569-71. PDF

472."Reagents for Rapid Reduction of Disulfide Bonds", Singh, R., Lamoureux, G.V., Lees, W.J., and Whitesides, G.M., Methods Enzymol.: Biothiols Part A, Packer, L., Eds., Academic Press, 1995.

471."A Selective Etching Solution for Use with Patterned Self-Assembled Monolayers of Alkanethiolates on Gold, Silver and Copper", Xia, Y., Zhao, X., Kim, E., and Whitesides, G.M., Chem. Mat., 1995, 7, 2332-2337. PDF

470."Bio-Specific Adsorption of Carbonic Anhydrase to Self-Assembled Monolayers of Alkanethiolates that Present Benzenesulfonamide Groups on Gold", Mrksich, M., Grunwell, J.R., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1995, 117, 12009-12010. PDF

469."Effective Inhibitors of Hemagglutination by Influenza Virus Synthesized from Polymers Having Active Ester Groups. Insight into Mechanism of Inhibition", Mammen, M., Dahmann, G., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Med. Chem., 1995, 38, 4179-4190. PDF

468."Using Capillary Electrophoresis to Follow the Acetylation of the Amino Groups of Insulin and to Estimate Their Basicities", Gao, J., Mrksich, M., Gomez, F.A., and Whitesides, G.M., Anal. Chem., 1995, 67, 3093-3100. PDF

467."Determination of the Binding of Ligands Containing the N-2,4-Dinitrophenyl Group to Bivalent Monoclonal Rat Anti-DNP Antibody Using Affinity Capillary Electrophoresis", Mammen, M., Gomez, F.A., and Whitesides, G.M., Anal. Chem., 1995, 67, 3526-3535. PDF

466."Microlithography by Using Neutral Metastable Atoms and Self-Assembled Monolayers", Berggren, K.K., Bard, A., Wilbur, J.L., Gillaspy, J.D., Helg, A.G., McClelland, J.J., Rolston, S.L., Phillips, W.D., Prentiss, M., and Whitesides, G.M., Science, 1995, 269, 1255-1257. PDF

465."Polymer microstructures formed by moulding in capillaries", Kim, E., Xia, Y., and Whitesides, G.M., Nature, 1995, 376, 581-584. PDF

464."Fabrication of Submicron Features on Curved Substrates by Microcontact Printing", Jackman, R., Wilbur, J., and Whitesides, G.M., Science, 1995, 269, 664-666. PDF

463."Self-Assembled Monolayers and Multilayers of Conjugated Thiols, a,w-Dithiols, and Thioacetyl-Containing Adsorbates. Understanding Attachments Between Potential Molecular Wires and Gold Surfaces", Tour, J.M., II, L.J., Pearson, D.L., Lamba, J.J.S., Burgin, T.P., Whitesides, G.M., Allara, D.L., Parikh, A.N., and Atre, S.V., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1995, 117, 9529-9534. PDF

462."Surface Plasmon Resonance Permits In Situ Measurement of Protein Adsorption on Self-Assembled Monolayers of Alkanethiolates on Gold", Mrksich, M., Sigal, G.B., and Whitesides, G.M., Langmuir, 1995, 11, 4383-4385. PDF

461."Affinity Capillary Electrophoresis", Chu, Y.-H., Avila, L.Z., Gao, J., and Whitesides, G.M., Acc. Chem. Res., 1995, 28, 461-468. PDF

460."Using Electrospray Ionization FTICR Mass Spectrometry to Study Competitive Binding of Inhibitors to Carbonic Anhydrase", Cheng, X., Chen, R., Bruce, J.E., Schwartz, B.L., Anderson, G.A., Hofstadler, S.A., Gale, D.C., Smith, R.D., Gao, J., Sigal, G.B., Mammen, M., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1995, 117, 8859-8860. PDF

459."Secondary Interactions Significantly Removed from the Sulfonamide Binding Pocket of Carbonic Anhydrase II Influence Binding Constants", Boriack, P.A., Christianson, D.W., Kingery-Wood, J., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Med. Chem., 1995, 38, 2286-2291. PDF

458."Detection of Hydrogen-Bonded Supramolecular Complexes Using Electrospray Ionization from Chloroform", Cheng, X., Gao, Q., Smith, R., Simanek, E., Mammen, M., and Whitesides, G., Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom., 1995, 9, 312-316. PDF

457."Increasing Binding Constants of Ligands to Proteins by Using 'Greasy Tails'", Gao, J., Qiao, S., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Med. Chem., 1995, 38, 2292-2301. PDF

456."Microcontact Printing of Octadecylsiloxane on the Surface of Silicon Dioxide, and Its Application in Microfabriation", Xia, Y., Mrksich, M., Kim, E., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1995, 117, 9576-9577. PDF

455."Patterning Self-Assembled Monolayers Using Microcontact Printing: A New Technology for Biosensors?", Mrksich, M., and Whitesides, G.M., TIBTECH, 1995, 13, 228-235. PDF

454."Patterned Self-Assembled Monolayers Formed by Microcontact Printing Direct Selective Metallization by Chemical Vapor Deposition on Planar and Non-Planar Substrates", Jeon, N.L., Nuzzo, R.G., Xia, Y., Mrksich, M., and Whitesides, G.M., Langmuir, 1995, 11, 3024-3026. PDF

453."Lithographic Molding: A Convenient Route to Structures with Sub-Micrometer Dimensions", Wilbur, J.L., Kim, E., Xia, Y., and Whitesides, G., Adv. Mater., 1995, 7, 649-652. PDF

452."Differentiating Functional Groups with the Scanning Tunneling Microscope", Venkataraman, B., Flynn, G.W., Wilbur, J.L., Folkers, J.P., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Phys. Chem., 1995, 99, 8684-8689. PDF

451."Self-Assembled Monolayers (SAMs) on Gold Generated from Alkanethiols with the Structure RNHCOCH2SH", Tam-Chang, S.W., Biebuyck, H.A., Whitesides, G.M., and Nuzzo, R.G., Langmuir, 1995, 11, 4371-4382. PDF

450."Control of the Shape of Liquid Lenses on a Modified Gold Surface Using an Applied Electrical Potential Across a Self-Assembled Monolayer", Gorman, C.B., Biebuyck, H.A., and Whitesides, G.M., Langmuir, 1995, 11, 2242-2246. PDF

449."Molecular Dynamics Simulations of H2NSO2C6H4CONH(Gly)3Bn Bound to the Active Site of Human Carbonic Anhydrase II", Chin, D.N., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1995, 117, 6153-6164. PDF

448."Use of Controlled Reactive Spreading of Liquid Alkanethiol on the Surface of Gold to Modify the Size of Features Produced by Microcontact Printing", Xia, Y., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1995, 117, 3274-3275. PDF

447."Reduction in the Size of Features of Patterned SAMs Generated by Microcontact Printing with Mechanical Compression of the Stamp", Xia, Y., and Whitesides, G.M., Adv. Mater., 1995, 7, 471-473. PDF

446."Patterned Self-Assembled Monolayers and Meso-Scale Phenomena", Kumar, A., Abbott, N.A., Kim, E., Biebuyck, H.A., and Whitesides, G.M., Acc. Chem. Res., 1995, 28, 219-226. PDF

445."Self-Assembled Monolayers of Long-Chain Hydroxamic Acids on the Native Oxide of Metals", Folkers, J.P., Gorman, C.B., Laibinis, P.E., Buchholz, S., and Whitesides, G.M., Langmuir, 1995, 11, 813-824. PDF

444."Structure and Wetting Properties of w-Alkoxy-n-alkanethiolate Monolayers on Gold and Silver", Laibinis, P.E., Bain, C.D, Nuzzo, R.G., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Phys. Chem., 1995, 99, 7663-7676. PDF

443."The Use of Minimal Free Energy and Self-Assembly to Form Shapes", Kim, E., and Whitesides, G.M., Chem. Mat., 1995, 7, 1257-1264. PDF

442."Use of a Patterned Self-Assembled Monolayer to Control the Formation of a Liquid Resist Pattern on a Gold Surface", Gorman, C.B., Biebuyck, H.A., and Whitesides, G.M., Chem. Mat., 1995, 7, 252-254. PDF

441."Fabrication of Patterned, Electrically Conducting Polypyrrole Using a Self-Assembled Monolayer: A Route to All-Organic Circuits", Gorman, C.B., Biebuyck, H.A., and Whitesides, G.M., Chem. Mat., 1995, 7, 526-529. PDF

440."Reagents for Rapid Reduction of Disulfide Bonds in Proteins", Singh, R., and Whitesides, G.M., Techniques in Protein Chemistry VI, Crabb, J.W., Eds., Academic Press, 1995. PDF

439."Scanning Force Microscopies Can Image Patterned Self-Assembled Monolayers", Wilbur, J.L., Biebuyck, H.A., MacDonald, J.C., and Whitesides, G.M., Langmuir, 1995, 11, 825-831. PDF

438."Active Control of Wetting Using Applied Electrical Potentials and Self-Assembled Monolayers", Abbott, N.L.., Gorman, C.B., and Whitesides, G.M., Langmuir, 1995, 11, 16-18. PDF

437."Combining Patterned Self-Assembled Monolayers of Alkanethiolates on Gold with Anisotropic Etching of Silicon to Generate Controlled Surface Morphologies", Kim, E., Kumar, A., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Electrochem. Soc., 1995, 142, 628-633. PDF

436."Design and Synthesis of Hydrogen-bonded Aggregates: Theory and Computation Applied to Three Systems Based on the Cyanuric Acid-Melamine Lattice", Simanek, E.E., Mammen, M., Gordon, D.M., Chin, D., Mathias, J.P., Seto, C.T., and Whitesides, G.M., Tetrahedron, 1995, 51, 607-619. PDF

435."Noncovalent Synthesis: Using Physical-Organic Chemistry to Make Aggregates", Simanek, E.E., Mathias, J.P., Seto, C.T., Chin, D., Mammen, M., Gordon, D.M., and Whitesides, G.M., Acc. Chem. Res., 1995, 28, 37-44. PDF

434."Formation and Cleavage of P-O Bonds", Bertschy, H., Baudin, G., and Whitesides, G.M., Enzyme Catalysis in Organic Synthesis: A Comprehensive Handbook, Drauz, K., and Waldmann, H., Eds., VCH, 1995, II. PDF

433."Self-Assembled Monolayers: Models for Organic Surface Chemistry", Whitesides, G.M., and Gorman, C.B., Handbook of Surface Imaging and Visualization, Hubbard, A.T., Eds., CRC Press, 1995. PDF

432."Reduction of Aldehydes and Ketones", Bertschy, H., Chenault, H.K., and Whitesides, G.M., Enzyme Catalysis in Organic Synthesis: A Comprehensive Handbook, Drauz, K., and Waldmann, H., Eds., VCH, 1995, ll. PDF

431."Self-Assembling Materials", Whitesides, G.M., Scientific American, 1995, 273, 146-149. PDF

430."Enzymes in Synthetic Organic Chemistry", Wong, C-H., and Whitesides, G.M., Tetrahedron Organic Chemistry Series, Baldwin, J.E., and Magnus, P.D., Eds., Pergamon Press, 1994, 12.

429."Computational Simulations of Supramolecular Hydrogen-bonded Aggregates: HubM2, FlexM3, and Adamantane-based Hubs in Chloroform", Chin, D.N., Gordon, D.M., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1994, 116, 12033-12044. PDF

428."Wetting Characteristics of Liquid Drops at Heterogeneous Surfaces", Drelich, J., Miller, J.D., Kumar, A., and Whitesides, G.M., Colloids and Surf. A, 1994, 93, 13-Jan. PDF

427."Autophobic Pinning of Drops of Alkanethiols on Gold", Biebuyck, H.A., and Whitesides, G.M., Langmuir, 1994, 10, 4581-4587. PDF

426."Solid-State Structures of Hydrogen-Bonded Tapes Based on Cyclic 2o Diamides", MacDonald, J.C., and Whitesides, G.M., Chem. Rev., 1994, 94, 2383-2420. PDF

425."1H NMR Spectroscopy of the Hydrogen-bonded Imide Groups of Hub(M)3:3CA Provides a Useful Method for the Characterization of these Aggregates", Simanek, E.E., Wazeer, M.I.M., Mathias, J.P., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Org. Chem., 1994, 59, 4904-4909. PDF

424."Determination of the Effective Charge of a Protein in Solution by Capillary Electrophoresis", Gao, J., Gomez, F.A., Härter, R., and Whitesides, G.M., Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA, 1994, 91, 12027-12030. PDF

423."Measurements of the Conductivity of Individual 10 nm Carbon Nanotubes", Weisbecker, C.S., and Whitesides, G.M., Proc. Mat. Res. Soc., 1994, 349, 263-268. PDF

422."Microfabrication by Microcontact Printing of Self-Assembled Monolayers", Wilbur, J.L., Kumar, A., Kim, E., and Whitesides, G., Adv. Mater., 1994, 6, 600-604. PDF

421."Studies in the Organic Solid State", Zerkowski, J., MacDonald, J., Chin, D., and Whitesides, G.M., Bull. Mat. Res. Soc., 1994, 328, 14-Mar. PDF

420."Self-Organization of Organic Liquids on Patterned Self-Assembled Monolayers of Alkanethiolates on Gold", Biebuyck, H.A., and Whitesides, G.M., Langmuir, 1994, 10, 2790-2793. PDF

419."Synthesis of KDO Using Indium-Mediated Allylation of 2,3:4,5-Di-O-isopropylidene-D-arabinose in Aqueous Media", Gao, J., Haerter, R., Gordon, D.M., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Org. Chem., 1994, 59, 3714-3715. PDF

418."Combining Micromachining and Molecular Self-Assembly To Fabricate Microelectrodes", Abbott, N.L., Rolison, D.R., and Whitesides, G.M., Langmuir, 1994, 10, 2672-2682. PDF

417."Comparison of Organic Monolayers on Polycrystalline Gold Spontaneously Assembled from Solutions Containing Dialkyl Disulfides or Alkanethiols", Biebuyck, H.A., Bain, C.D., and Whitesides, G.M., Langmuir, 1994, 10, 1825-1831. PDF

416."Patterning Self-Assembled Monolayers: Applications in Materials Science", Kumar, A., Biebuyck, H.A., and Whitesides, G.M., Langmuir, 1994, 10, 1498-1511. PDF

415."Using Micromachining, Molecular Self-Assembly and Wet Etching to Fabricate 0.1 to 1 Micrometer-Scale Structures of Gold and Silicon", Abbott, N., Kumar, A., and Whitesides, G.M., Chem. Mat., 1994, 6, 596-602. PDF

414."Polyacrylamides Bearing Pendant a-Sialoside Groups Strongly Inhibit Agglutination of Erythrocytes by Influenza A Virus: Multivalency and Steric Stabilization of Particulate Biologicial Systems", Lees, W.J., Spaltenstein, A., Wood-Kingery, J.E., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Med. Chem., 1994, 37, 3419-3433. PDF

413."Engineering Cell Shape and Function", Singhvi, R., Kumar, A., Lopez, G.P., Stephanopolous, G.N., Wang, D.I.C., Whitesides, G.M., and Ingber, D.E., Science, 1994, 264, 696-698. PDF

412."Reagents for Rapid Reduction of Native Disulfide Bonds in Proteins", Singh, R., and Whitesides, G.M., Bioorg. Chem., 1994, 22, 109-115. PDF

411."A Redox Fuel Cell That Operates with Methane as Fuel at 120°C", Bergens, S.H., Gorman, C.B., Palmore, G.T.R., and Whitesides, G.M., Science, 1994, 265, 1418-1420. PDF

410."Affinity Capillary Electrophoresis: Insights into the Binding of SH3 Domains by Peptides Derived from an SH3-Binding Protein", Gomez, F.A., Chen, J.K., Tanaka, A., Schreiber, S.L., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Org. Chem., 1994, 59, 2885-2886. PDF

409."Determination of Binding Constants of Ligands to Proteins by Affinity Capillary Electrophoresis: Compensation for Electroosmotic Flow", Gomez, F.A., Avila, L.Z., Chu, Y.-H., and Whitesides, G.M., Anal. Chem., 1994, 66, 1785-1791. PDF

408."Self-Assembly Through Hydrogen Bonding: Peripheral Crowding–A New Strategy for the Preparation of Stable Supramolecular Aggregates Based on Parallel, Connected Rosettes", Mathias, J., Simanek, E.E., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1994, 116, 4326-4340. PDF

407."Structural Preferences of Hydrogen-Bonded Networks in Organic Solution–the Cyclic CA3• M3 'Rosette'", Mathias, J., Zerkowski, J., Seto, C., Simanek, E.E., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1994, 116, 4316-4325. PDF

406."Self-assembled Monolayers containing Mercaptoalkylboronic Acids Adsorbed onto Gold From a Highly Cross-Linked, Thermally Stable Borate Glass Surface", Carey, R.I., Folkers, J.P., and Whitesides, G.M., Langmuir, 1994, 10, 2228-2234. PDF

405."Potential-dependent Wetting of Aqueous Solutions on Self-Assembled Monolayers Formed from 15-(Ferrocenylcarbonyl)pentadecanethiol", Abbott, N., and Whitesides, G.M., Langmuir, 1994, 10, 1493-1497. PDF

404."Wetting and Protein Adsorption of Self-Assembled Monolayers of Alkanethiolates Supported on Transparent Films of Gold", DiMilla, P., Folkers, J.P., Biebuyck, H.A., Harter, R., Lopez, G., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1994, 116, 2225-2226. PDF

403."The Wetting of Monolayer Films Exposing Ionizable Acids and Bases", Lee, T.R., Carey, R.I., Biebuyck, H.A., and Whitesides, G.M., Langmuir, 1994, 10, 741-749. PDF

402."Microbial and Enzymatic Biofuel Cells", Palmore, G.T.R., and Whitesides, G.M., Enzymatic Conversion of Biomass for Fuels Production, Himmel, M.E., Baker, J.O., and Overend, R.P., Eds., ACS Books, American Chemical Society, 1994, 14. PDF

401."Self-Assembly Through Hydrogen Bonding: Preparation and Characterization of Three New Types of Supramolecular Aggregates Based on Parallel, Cyclic CA3•M3 'Rosettes'", Mathias, J.P., Seto, C.T., Simanek, E.E., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1994, 116, 1725-1736. PDF

400."Molecular Self-Assembly and Micromachining", Abbott, N.L., Biebuyck, H.A., Buchholz, S., Folkers, J.P., Han, M.Y., Kumar, A.., Lopez, G.P., Weisbecker, C.S., and Whitesides, G.M., Atomic and Nanoscale Modification of Materials, Avouris, P., Eds., Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1994. PDF

399."Identification of Two Hydrophobic Patches in the Active Site Cavity of Human Carbonic Anhydrase II by Solution-Phase and Solid-State Studies and Their Use in the Development of Tight-Binding Inhibitors", Jain, A., Whitesides, G.M., Alexander, R.S., and Christianson, D.W., J. Med. Chem., 1994, 37, 2100-2105. PDF

398."Lack of Effect of the Length of Oligoglycine- and Oligo(ethylene glycol)- Derived para-Substituents on the Affinity of Benzenesulfonamides for Carbonic Anhydrase II in Solution", Jain, A., Huang, S.G., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1994, 116, 5057-5062. PDF

397."Investigations Into the Robustness of Hydrogen-Bonded Crystalline Tapes", Zerkowski, J.A., and Whitesides, G.M., Chem. Mat., 1994, 6, 1250-1257. PDF

396."New Varieties of Crystalline Architecture Produced by Small Changes in Molecular Structure in Tape Complexes of Melamines and Barbiturates", Zerkowski, J.A., Mathias, J.P., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1994, 116, 4305-4315. PDF

395."Steric Control of Secondary, Solid-State Architecture in 1:1 Complexes of Melamines and Barbiturates That Crystallize as Crinkled Tapes", Zerkowski, J.A., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1994, 116, 4298-4304. PDF

394."The Design of Organic Structures in the Solid State: Molecular Tapes Based on the Network of Hydrogen Bonds Present in the Cyanuric Acid•Melamine Complex", Zerkowski, J.A., Seto, C.T., Wierda, D.A., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1994, 116, 2382-2391. PDF

393."Patterned Condensation Figures as Optical Diffraction Gratings", Kumar, A., and Whitesides, G.M., Science, 1994, 263, 60-62. PDF

392."Phase Behavior of Two-Component Self-Assembled Monolayers of Alkanethiolates on Gold", Folkers, J.P., Laibinis, P.E., Deutch, J., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Phys. Chem., 1994, 98, 563-571. PDF

391."Using Finite Element Analysis to Calculate the Shapes of Geometrically-Confined Drops of Liquid on Patterned, Self-Assembled Monolayers: A New Method to Estimate Excess Interfacial Free Energies gsv- gsl", Abbott, N.L., Racz, L.M., Szekely, J., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1994, 116, 290-294. PDF

390."Design, Preparation, and Characterization of Hydrogen Bonded Supramolecular Aggregates Based on the Cyanuric Acid•Melamine Lattice", Mathias, J.P., Simanek, E.E., Seto, C.T., and Whitesides, G.M., Macromol. Symp., 1994, 77, 157-166. PDF

389."Interchange Between Monolayers on Gold Formed From Unsymmetrical Disulfides and Solutions of Thiols: Evidence for Sulfur-Sulfur Bond Cleavage by Gold Metal", Biebuyck, H.A., and Whitesides, G.M., Langmuir, 1993, 9, 1766-1770. PDF

388."Organized Molecular Assemblies", Whitesides, G.M., Ferguson, G.S., Allara, D., Scherson, D., Speaker, L., and Ullman, A., Crit. Rev. Surf. Chem., 1993, 3, 49-65. PDF

387."Indium-mediated Allylations of Unprotected Carbohydrates in Aqeous Media: A Short Synthesis of Sialic Acid (Neu-5-Ac)", Gordon, D.M., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Org. Chem., 1993, 58, 7937-7938. PDF

386."Self-Assembly Through Hydrogen Bonding: Preparation of a Supramolecular Aggregate Composed of 10 Molecules", Mathias, J.P., Simanek, E.E., Seto, C.T., and Whitesides, G.M., Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl., 1993, 32, 1766-1769. PDF

385."Fabrication and Imaging of Two-Dimensional Patterns of Proteins Adsorbed on Self-Assembled Monolayers by Scanning Electron Microscopy", López, G.P., Biebuyck, H.A., Härter, R., Kumar, A., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1993, 115, 10774-10781. PDF

384."Monolayers on Disordered Substrates: Self-Assembly of Alkyltrichlorosilanes on Surface-Modified Polyethylene and Poly(dimethylsiloxane)", Ferguson, G.S., Chaudhury, M.K., Biebuyck, H.A., and Whitesides, G.M., Macromolecules, 1993, 26, 5870-5875. PDF

383."Damage to CF3CONH-Terminated Organic SAMs on Al, Ti, Cu, and Au by Al Ka X-rays Is Due Principally to Electrons", Graham, R.L., Bain, C.D., Biebuyck, H.A., Laibinis, P.E., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Phys. Chem., 1993, 97, 9456-9464. PDF

382."Tin- and Indium-Mediated Allylation in Aqueous Media: Application to Unprotected Carbohydrates", Kim, E., Gordon, D.M., Schmid, W., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Org. Chem., 1993, 58, 5500-5507. PDF

381."Convenient Methods for Patterning the Adhesion of Mammalian Cells to Surfaces Using Self-Assembled Monolayers of Alkanethiolates on Gold", LĂłpez, G.P., Albers, M.W., Schreiber, S.L., Carroll, R.W., Peralta, E., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1993, 115, 5877-5878. PDF

380."Features of Gold Having Micrometer to Centimeter Dimensions Can Be Formed through a Combination of Stamping with an Elastomeric Stamp and an Alkanethiol Ink Followed by Chemical Etching", Kumar, A., and Whitesides, G.M., Appl. Phys. Lett., 1993, 63, 2002-2004. PDF

379."Preparation of Conjugates of Proteins with Amyloses by Elongation of Covalently-Attached Primers Using Phosphorylase", Chu, Y.-H., and Whitesides, G.M., Bioorg. Chem., 1993, 21, 319-329. PDF

378."Catalytic Activity of Native Enzymes during Capillary Electrophoresis: An Enzymatic 'Microreactor'", Avila, L.Z., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Org. Chem., 1993, 58, 5508-5512. PDF

377."Feed-Forward Neural Networks in Chemistry: Mathematical Systems for Classification and Pattern Recognition", Burns, J.A., and Whitesides, G.M., Chem. Rev., 1993, 93, 2583-2601. PDF

376."Affinity Electrophoresis in Multisectional Polyacrylamide Slab is a Useful and Convenient Technique for Measuring Binding Constants of Aryl Sulfonamides to Bovine Carbonic Anhydrase B", Chu, Y.-H., Chen, J.K., and Whitesides, G.M., Anal. Chem., 1993, 65, 1314-1322. PDF

375."Imaging of Features on Surfaces by Condensation Figures", LĂłpez, G.P., Biebuyck, H.A., Frisbie, C.D., and Whitesides, G.M., Science, 1993, 260, 647-649. PDF

374."Diastereoselectivity (Enantioselectivity) of Aldol Condensations Catalyzed by Rabbit Muscle Aldolase at C-2 of RCHOHCHO if R has an Appropriately Placed Negatively Charged Group", Lees, W.J., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Org. Chem., 1993, 58, 1887-1894. PDF

373."Using Affinity Capillary Electrophoresis to Identify the Peptide in a Peptide Library that Binds Most Tightly to Vancomycin", Chu, Y.-H., Avila, L.Z., Biebuyck, H.A., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Org. Chem., 1993, 58, 648-652. PDF

372."A Convenient Procedure for Transfer Blotting of Coomassie Blue-Stained Proteins from PAGE Gels to Transparencies", Chu, Y.H., and Whitesides, G.M., Biotechniques, 1993, 14, 925-930. PDF

371."Neuraminidase Resistant Hemagglutination Inhibitors: Acrylamide Copolymers Containing a C-Glycoside of N-Acetylneuraminic Acid", Sparks, M.A., Williams, K.W., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Med. Chem., 1993, 36, 778-783. PDF

370."Synthesis of Methyl a-Sialosides N-substituted with Large Alkanoyl Groups, and Investigation of Their Inhibition of Agglutination of Erythrocytes by Influenza A Virus.", Schmid, W., Avila, L.Z., Williams, K.W., and Whitesides, G.M., Bioorg. & Med. Chem. Lett., 1993, 3, 747-752. PDF

369."Thiol-Disulfide Interchange", Singh, R., and Whitesides, G.M., Sulfur-Containing Functional Groups; Supplement S, Patai, S., Eds., J. Wiley and Sons, Ltd., 1993. PDF

368."Use of Affinity Capillary Electrophoresis to Determine Kinetic and Equilibrium Constants for Binding of Arylsulfonamides to Bovine Carbonic Anhydrase", Avila, L.Z., Chu, Y.-H., Blossey, E.C., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Med. Chem., 1993, 36, 126-133. PDF

367."Synthesis of Dithiols as Reducing Agents for Disulfides in Neutral Aqueous Solutions and Comparison of Reduction Potentials", Lamoureux, G.V., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Org. Chem., 1993, 58, 633-641. PDF

366."Equilibrium Constants for Thiol-Disulfide Interchange Reactions: A Coherent, Corrected Set", Lees, W.J., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Org. Chem., 1993, 58, 642-647. PDF

365."Adsorption of Proteins onto Surfaces Containing End-Attached Oligo(Ethylene Oxide): A Model System Using Self-Assembled Monolayers", Prime, K.L., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1993, 115, 10714-10721. PDF

364."Interpretation of the Reduction Potential of 6,6'-Dideoxy-6,6'-Dithiosucrose Disulfide by Comparison of the Conformations of 6,6'-Dideoxy-6,6'-Dithiosucrose Disulfide, 6,6'-Dideoxysucrose-6,6'-Dithiol, and Sucrose in Aqueous Solution", Lees, W.J., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1993, 115, 1860-1869. PDF

363."Inorganic Environment Derived from the Sol-Gel Route Does Not Improve the Thermal or Oxidative Stability of 2,4-Dinitroaniline in Coatings", Schutte, C.L., Williams, K.W., and Whitesides, G.M., Polymer, 1993, 34, 2609-2614. PDF

362."Large-Scale Synthesis of b-L-Fucopyranosyl Phosphate and the Preparation of GDP-b-Fucose", Adelhorst, K., and Whitesides, G.M., Carbohyd. Res., 1993, 242, 69-76. PDF

361."Synthesis, Characterization, and Thermodynamic Analysis of a 1+1 Self-Assembling Structure Based on the Cyanuric Acid-Melamine Lattice", Seto, C.T., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1993, 115, 1330-1340. PDF

360."Molecular Self-Assembly Through Hydrogen Bonding: Aggregation of Five Molecules to Form a Discrete Supramolecular Structure", Seto, C.T.., Mathias, J.P., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1993, 115, 1321-1329. PDF

359."Synthesis of Potential Inhibitors of Hemagglutination by Influenza Virus: Chemoenzymic Preparation of N-5 Analogs of N-Acetylneuraminic Acid", Sparks, M., Williams, K., Lukacs, C., Schrell, A., Priebe, G., Spaltenstein, A., and Whitesides, G.M., Tetrahedron, 1993, 49, 12-Jan. PDF

358."Scanning Electron Microscopy Can Form Images of Patterns in Self-Assembled Monolayers", LĂłpez, G.P., Biebuyck, H.A., and Whitesides, G.M., Langmuir, 1993, 9, 1513-1516. PDF

357."Molecular Self-Assembly Through Hydrogen Bonding: Supramolecular Aggregates Based on the Cyanuric Acid-Melamine Lattice", Seto, C.T., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1993, 115, 905-916. PDF

356."Self-Assembly through Networks of Hydrogen Bonds", Mathias, J.P., Seto, C.T., Zerkowski, J.A., and Whitesides, G.M., Molecular Recognition: Chemical and Biochemical Problems II, Royal Society of Chemistry, 1992. PDF

355."The Agglutination of Erythrocytes by Influenza Virus is Strongly Inhibited by Liposomes Incorporating an Analog of Sialyl Gangliosides", Kingery-Wood, J.E., Williams, K.W., Sigal, G.B., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1992, 114, 7303-7305. PDF

354."Manipulation of the Wettability of Surfaces on the 0.1 to 1-Micrometer Scale Through Micromachining and Molecular Self-Assembly", Abbott, N.L., Folkers, J.P., and Whitesides, G.M., Science, 1992, 257, 1380-2. PDF

353."The Use of Self-Assembled Monolayers and a Selective Etch to Generate Patterned Gold Features", Kumar, A., Biebuyck, H.A., Abbott, N.L., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1992, 114, 9188-9199. PDF

352."Self-Assembled Monolayers of n-Alkanethiolates on Copper Are Barrier Films that Protect the Metal Against Oxidation by Air", Laibinis, P.E., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1992, 114, 9022-9028. PDF

351."Affinity Capillary Electrophoresis Can Simultaneously Measure Binding Constants of Multiple Peptides to Vancomycin", Chu, Y.-H., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Org. Chem., 1992, 57, 3524-3525. PDF

350."Solid-State Structures of 'Rosette' and 'Crinkled Tape' Motifs Derived from the Cyanuric Acid•Melamine Lattice", Zerkowski, J.A., Seto, C.T., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1992, 114, 5473-5475. PDF

349."Structure of Monolayers Formed by Coadsorption of Two n-Alkanethiols of Different Chain Lengths on Gold and Its Relation to Wetting", Laibinis, P.E., Nuzzo, R.G., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Phys. Chem., 1992, 96, 5097-5105. PDF

348."Self-Assembled Monolayers of Alkanethiols on Gold: The Adsorption and Wetting Properties of Monolayers Derived from Two Components with Alkane Chains of Different Lengths", Folkers, J.P., Laibinis, P.E., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Adhes. Sci. Tech., 1992, 6, 1397-1410. PDF

347."Self-Assembled Monolayers of Alkanethiols on Gold: Comparisons of Monolayers Containing Mixtures of Short- and Long-Chain Constituents with CH3 and CH2OH Terminal Groups", Folkers, J.P., Laibinis, P.E., and Whitesides, G.M., Langmuir, 1992, 8, 1330-1341. PDF

346."How to Make Water Run Uphill", Chaudhury, M.K., and Whitesides, G.M., Science, 1992, 256, 1539-1541. PDF

345."Substrate Specificity and Carbohydrate Synthesis Using Transketolase", Kobori, Y., Myles, D.C., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Org. Chem., 1992, 57, 5899-5907. PDF

344."Use of Affinity Capillary Electrophoresis To Measure Binding Constants of Ligands to Proteins", Chu, Y.-H., Avila, L.Z., Biebuyck, H.A., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Med. Chem., 1992, 35, 2915-2917. PDF

343."The Enzymatic Synthesis of 1,5-Dideoxy-1,5-diimino-D-talitol and 1-Deoxygalactostatin Using Fuculose 1-Phosphate Aldolase", Lees, W.J., and Whitesides, G.M., Bioorg. Chem., 1992, 20, 173-179. PDF

342."Heterogeneous, Platinum-Catalyzed Hydrogenations of (Diolefin)dialkylplatinum(II) Complexes", Lee, T.R., and Whitesides, G.M., Acc. Chem. Res., 1992, 25, 266-272. PDF

341."Nucleoside Phosphate Sugars: Syntheses on Practical Scales, and Their Use as Reagents in the Enzymatic Preparation of Oligosaccharides and Glycoconjugates", Heidlas, J.E., Williams, K.W., and Whitesides, G.M., Acc. Chem. Res., 1992, 25, 307-314. PDF

340."Chemo-enzymatische Synthese von Kohlenhydraten: Die Herstellung von L-Xylose und 2-Desoxy-L-xylo-hexose", Schmid, W., Heidlas, J., Mathias, J.P., and Whitesides, G.M., Liebigs Ann. Chem., 1992, 95-97. PDF

339."Correlation Between Surface Free Energy and Surface Constitution", Chaudhury, M.K., and Whitesides, G.M., Science, 1992, 255, 1230-1232. PDF

338."Designing Ordered Molecular Arrays in Two and Three Dimensions", Folkers, J.P., Zerkowski, J.A., Laibinis, P.E., Seto, C.T., and Whitesides, G.M., Supramolecular Architecture in Two and Three Dimensions, Bein, T., Eds., ACS Symposium Series; American Chemical Society, 1992. PDF

337."Molecular Recognition in Gels, Monolayers, and Solids", Prime, K.L., Chu, Y.-H., Schmid, W., Seto, C.T., Chen, J.K., Spaltenstein, A., Zerkowski, J.A., and Whitesides, G.M., Macromolecular Assemblies, Stroeve, P., and Balazs, A.C., Eds., ACS Symposium Series; American Chemical Society, 1992. PDF

336."w-Terminated Alkanethiolate Monolayers on Surfaces of Copper, Silver and Gold have Similar Wettabilities", Laibinis, P.E., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1992, 114, 1990-1995. PDF

335."Toward Orthogonal Self-Assembly of Redox Active Molecules on Pt and Au: Selective Reaction of Disulfide with Au and Isonitrile with Pt", Hickman, J.J., Laibinis, P.E., Auerbach, D.I., Zou, C., Gardner, T.J., Whitesides, G.M., and Wrighton, M.S., Langmuir, 1992, 8, 357-359. PDF

334."Synthesis of 2-Amino-1,2-dideoxy-D-galactitol Hydrochloride and 5-Amino-1,4-anhydro-5,6-dideoxy-L-galactitol Hydrochloride", Adelhorst, K., and Whitesides, G.M., Carbohyd. Res., 1992, 232, 183-185. PDF

333."Thermal Reconstruction of the Functionalized Interface of Polyethylene Carboxylic Acid and Its Derivatives", Ferguson, G.S., and Whitesides, G.M., Modern Approaches to Wettability: Theory and Applications, Loeb, G., and Schrader, M., Eds., Plenum Press, 1992. PDF

332."Practical Enzyme-Based Syntheses of Uridine 5'-Diphosphogalactose (UDP-Gal) and Uridine 5'-Diphospho-N-acetylgalactosamine (UDP-GalNAc) on Gram Scale", Heidlas, J., Lees, W., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Org. Chem., 1992, 57, 152-157. PDF

331a."Self-Assembled Monolayers as Models for Studying Protein Adsorption to Polymer Surfaces", Prime, K.L., and Whitesides, G.M., Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 1992, 237, 311-315. PDF

331."Gram-Scale Synthesis of Uridine 5'-Diphospho-N-acetylglucosamine, UDP-GlcNAc: Comparison of Enzymatic and Chemical Routes", Heidlas, J.E., Lees, W.J., Pale, P., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Org. Chem., 1992, 57, 146-151. PDF

330."Molecular Self-Assembly and Nanochemistry: A Chemical Strategy for the Synthesis of Nanostructures", Whitesides, G.M., Mathias, J.P., and Seto, C.T., Science, 1991, 254, 1312-1319. PDF

329."Enzymes as Catalysts in Carbohydrate Synthesis", Toone, E.J., and Whitesides, G.M., Enzymes in Carbohydrate Synthesis, Bednarski, M.D., and Simon, E.S., Eds., ACS Symposium Series, American Chemical Society, 1991. PDF

328."Meso-2,5-Dimercapto-N,N,N',N'-tetramethyladipamide: A Readily Available, Kinetically Rapid Reagent for the Reduction of Disulfides in Aqueous Solution", Lees, W.J., Singh, R., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Org. Chem., 1991, 56, 7328-7331. PDF

327."X-Ray Damage to CF3CO2-terminated Organic Monolayers on Si/Au Supports is Due Primarily to X-Ray Induced Electrons", Laibinis, P.E., Graham, R.L., Biebuyck, H.A., and Whitesides, G.M., Science, 1991, 254, 981-983. PDF

326."Comparisons of Self-Assembled Monolayers on Silver and Gold: Mixed Monolayers Derived from HS(CH2)21X and HS(CH2)10Y (X, Y = CH3, CH2OH) Have Similar Properties", Laibinis, P.E., Fox, M.A., Folkers, J.P., and Whitesides, G.M., Langmuir, 1991, 7, 3167-3173. PDF

325."A Transketolase-Based Synthesis of (+)-exo-Brevicomin", Myles, D.C., Andrulis, P.J.I., and Whitesides, G.M., Tet. Lett., 1991, 32, 4835-4838. PDF

324."Enzymatic Synthesis of Uridine 5'-Diphosphoglucuronic Acid on a Gram Scale", Toone, E.J., Simon, E.S., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Org. Chem., 1991, 56, 5603-5606. PDF

323."Attenuation of Photoelectrons in Monolayers of n-Alkanethiols Adsorbed on Copper, Silver and Gold", Laibinis, P.E., Bain, C.D., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Phys. Chem., 1991, 95, 7017-7021. PDF

322."Wetting Films on Chemically Modified Surfaces: An X-ray Study", Tidswell, I.M., Rabedeau, T.A., Pershan, P.S., Folkers, J.P., Baker, M.V., and Whitesides, G.M., Phys. Rev. B, 1991, 44, 10869-10879. PDF

321."Carbon-Carbon Bond Formation in Aqueous Ethanol: Diastereoselective Transformation of Unprotected Carbohydrates to Higher Carbon Sugars Using Allyl Bromide and Tin Metal", Schmid, W., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1991, 113, 6674-6676. PDF

320."Selenols Catalyze the Interchange Reactions of Dithiols and Disulfides in Water", Singh, R., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Org. Chem., 1991, 56, 6931-6933. PDF

319."Heterogeneous Reductions of (Homohypostrophene)dialkylplatinum(II) Complexes Provide a Useful System for the Study of Intermediate Surface Alkyls on Platinum", Lee, T.R., and Whitesides, G.M., Cat. Lett., 1991, 9, 461-472. PDF

318."X-ray Grazing Incidence Diffraction from Alkylsiloxane Monolayers on Silicon Wafers", Tidswell, I.M., Rabedeau, T.A., Pershan, P.S., Kosowsky, S.D., Folkers, J.P., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Chem. Phys., 1991, 95, 2854-2861. PDF

317."A Comparison of the Structures and Wetting Properties of Self-Assembled Monolayers of n-Alkanethiols on the Coinage Metal Surfaces Cu, Ag, Au", Laibinis, P.L., Whitesides, G.M., Allara, D.L., Tao, Y.-T., Parikh, A.N., and Nuzzo, R.G., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1991, 113, 7152-7167. PDF

316."The Reduction of C* Bonds Proceeds with Retention of Configuration: Stereochemical Investigation of the Heterogeneous Reduction by Dideuterium of (Homohypostrophene)neopentyl(2-norbornyl)platinum(II) Complexes on Platinum Black", Lee, T.R., Wierda, D.A., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1991, 113, 8745-8753. PDF

315."Self-Assembled Organic Monolayers: Model Systems for Studying Adsorption of Proteins at Surfaces", Prime, K.L., and Whitesides, G.M., Science, 1991, 252, 1164-1167. PDF

314."Contact Adhesion of Thin Gold Films on Elastomeric Supports: Cold Welding Under Ambient Conditions", Ferguson, G.S.., Chaudhury, M.K., Sigal, G.B., and Whitesides, G.M., Science, 1991, 253, 776-778. PDF

313."Molecular Self-Assembly of Two-Terminal, Voltammetric Microsensors with an Internal Reference", Hickman, J.J., Ofer, D., Laibinis, P.E., Whitesides, G.M., and Wrighton, M.S., Science, 1991, 252, 688-691. PDF

312."a-Aminoaldehyde Equivalents as Substrates for Rabbit Muscle Aldolase: Synthesis of 1,4-dideoxy-D-arabinitol and (2R,5R)-dihydroxymethyl-(3R,4R)-dihydroxypyrrolidine", Hung, R.R., Straub, J.A., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Org. Chem., 1991, 56, 3849-3855. PDF

311."Synthesis of Glycosyl Phosphates Using the Fraser-Reid Activation", Pale, P., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Org. Chem., 1991, 56, 4547-4549. PDF

310."Selective Reduction of Disulfides by Tris(2-carboxyethyl)phosphine", Burns, J.A., Butler, J.C., Moran, J.R., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Org. Chem., 1991, 56, 2648-2650. PDF

309."A Reagent for Reduction of Disulfide Bonds in Proteins That Reduces Disulfide Bonds Faster than Does Dithiothreitol", Singh, R., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Org. Chem., 1991, 56, 2332-2337. PDF

308."CMP-N-Acetylneuraminic Acid Synthetase of Escherichia coli: Overexpression, Purification and Use in the Enzymatic Synthesis of CMP-N-Acetylneuraminic Acid and CMP-Neuraminic Acid Derivatives", Shames, S.L., Simon, E.S., Christopher, C.W., Schmid, W., Whitesides, G.M., and Lang, L.-L., Glycobiology, 1991, 1, 187-191. PDF

307."Heterogeneous Catalysis on Platinum and Self-Assembled Monolayers on Metal and Metal Oxide Surfaces", Lee, T.R., Laibinis, P.E., Folkers, J.P., and Whitesides, G.M., Pure Appl. Chem., 1991, 63, 821-828. PDF

306."The Heterogeneous Reductions of (Diolefin)dialkylplatinum(II) Complexes on Platinum Black in Ethyl Alcohol: Kinetics, Isotopic Interchange of Hydrogen between Coadsorbed Surface Alkyls, and Comparison of Surface Alkyls Generated from the Platinum Complexes and from Olefins", Lee, T.R., and M., G.W., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1991, 113, 2576-2585. PDF

305."Isotopic Exchange in the Platinum-Catalyzed Reductions of Olefins in Protic Solvents", Lee, T.R., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1991, 113, 2568-2576. PDF

304."Selective Functionalization of Gold Microstructures with Ferrocenyl Derivatives via Reaction with Thiols or Disulfides: Characterization by Electrochemistry and Auger Electron Spectroscopy", Hickman, J.J., Ofer, D., Zou, C., Wrighton, M.S., Laibinis, P.E., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1991, 113, 1128-1132. PDF

303."The Loss of Halide from Sol-Gel films on Heating Does Not Involve Oxidation", Schutte, C.L., and Whitesides, G.M., Chem. Mater., 1991, 3, 267-271. PDF

302."Direct Measurement of Interfacial Interactions between Semispherical Lenses and Flat Sheets of Polydimethylsiloxane and Their Chemical Derivatives", Chaudhury, M.K., and Whitesides, G.M., Langmuir, 1991, 7, 1013-1025. PDF

301."Acid-Base Interactions in Wetting", Whitesides, G.M., Biebuyck, H.A., Folkers, J.P., and Prime, K.J., J. Adhes. Sci. Tech., 1991, 5, 57-69. PDF

300."Self-Assembly of a Hydrogen-Bonded 2+3 Supramolecular Complex", Seto, C.T., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1991, 113, 712-713. PDF

299."Polyacrylamides Bearing Pendant a-Sialoside Groups Strongly Inhibit Agglutination of Erythrocytes by Influenza Virus", Spaltenstein, A., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1991, 113, 686-687. PDF

298."The Extent of Incorporation of Excess Deuterium in the Platinum-Catalyzed Reduction of Unsubstituted Cycloolefins by H2 in D2O/THF Increases with the Strain Energy of the Product Cycloalkanes", Lee, T.R., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1991, 113, 369-370. PDF

297."The Reduction by Deuterium on Platinum Black of exo-2-norbornyl* and endo-2-norbornyl* to Norbornane-2-d1 Occurs with Predominant Retention of Configuration", Lee, T.R., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1991, 113, 368-369. PDF

296."Formation of Self-Assembled Monolayers by Chemisorption of Derivatives of Oligo(ethylene glycol) of Structure HS(CH2)11(OCH2CH2)mOH on Gold", Pale-Grosdemange, C., Simon, E.S., Prime, K.L., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1991, 113, 20-Dec. PDF

295."Analysis of depth profiles of sol-gel derived multilayer coatings by Rutherford backscattering spectrometry and by cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy", Schutte, C.L., Smith, P.M., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Mater. Res., 1991, 6, 835-839. PDF

294."Enzymes as Catalysts in Carbohydrate Synthesis", Toone, E.J., Kobori, Y., Myles, D.C., Ozaki, A., Schmid, W., von der Osten, C., Sinskey, A.J., and Whitesides, G.M., Chemical Aspects of Enzyme Biotechnology; Proceedings of the 8th Annual IUCCP Symposium, Scott, A.I., Raushell, F.M., and Baldwin, T.O., Eds., Plenum, 1990. PDF

293."Organic Surface Chemistry: Polymers and Self-Assembled Monolayers", Whitesides, G.M., Chimia, 1990, 44, 310-311. PDF

292."A New Approach to Cyclitols Based on Rabbit Muscle Aldolase (RAMA)", Schmid, W., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1990, 112, 9670-9671. PDF

291."The Design of Organic Structures in the Solid State: Hydrogen-Bonded Molecular 'Tapes'", Zerkowski, J.A., Seto, C.T., Wierda, D.A., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1990, 112, 9025-9026. PDF | Supplemental

290."What Will Chemistry Do in the Next Twenty Years?", Whitesides, G.M., Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl., 1990, 29, 1209-1218. PDF

289."Synthesis of the a-Methyl Ketoside of 5-Amino Neuraminic Acid Methyl Ester and its Corresponding 5-Myristoyl and 5-Cyclopropanoyl Derivative", Schrell, A., and Whitesides, G.M., Liebigs Ann. Chem., 1990, 1111-1114. PDF

288."Self-Assembly Based on the Cyanuric Acid-Melamine Lattice", Seto, C.T., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1990, 112, 6409-6411. PDF

287."Quantifying Acid-Base Properties of Organic Functional Groups at a Polyethylene-Water Interface by Photoacoustic Calorimetry", Zhang, L., Shulman, M.A., Whitesides, G.M., and Grabowski, J.J., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1990, 112, 7069-7071. PDF | Supplemental

286."The Diffusion of Cesium Ion in SiO2 Films Derived from Sol-Gel Precursors", Schutte, C.L., and Whitesides, G.M., Chem. Mat., 1990, 2, 576-581. PDF

285."Degenerate Intermolecular Thiolate-Disulfide Interchange Involving Cyclic Five-Membered Disulfides Is Faster by ~103 Than That Involving Six- or Seven-Membered Disulfides", Singh, R., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1990, 112, 6304-6309. PDF

284."Predicting the Stability of Cyclic Disulfides by Molecular Modeling: 'Effective Concentrations' in Thiol-Disulfide Interchange and the Design of Strongly Reducing Dithiols", Burns, J.A., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1990, 112, 6296-6303. PDF

283."Overproduction and Substrate Specificity of a Bacterial Fuculose-1-Phosphate Aldolase: A New Enzymatic Catalyst for Stereocontrolled Aldol Condensation", Ozaki, A., Toone, E.J., von der Osten, C.H., Sinskey, A.J., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1990, 112, 4970-4971. PDF

282."Convenient Syntheses of Cytidine 5'-Triphosphate (CTP), Guanosine 5'-Triphosphate (GTP), and Uridine 5'-Triphosphate (UTP) and Their Use in the Preparation of UDP-Glucose, UDP-Glucuronic Acid, and GDP-Mannose", Simon, E.S., Grabowski, S., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Org. Chem., 1990, 55, 1834-1841. PDF

281."Enzymes in Organic Synthesis", Waldmann, H., Grabowski, S., Simon, E.S., and Whitesides, G.M., Enzymes in Industry, Gerhartz, W., Eds., VCH, 1990. PDF

280."Effective Molarity in Diffusion-Controlled Reactions", Mazor, M.H., Wong, C.F., McCammon, J.A., Deutch, J.M., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Phys. Chem., 1990, 94, 3807-3812. PDF

279."Preparation of a Mixture of Nucleoside Triphosphates Suitable for Use in Synthesis of Nucleotide Phosphate Sugars from Ribonucleic Acid Using Nuclease P1, A Mixture of Nucleoside Monophosphokinases and Acetate Kinase", Haynie, S.L., and Whitesides, G.M., Appl. Biochem. Biotech., 1990, 23, 205-220. PDF

278."Enzyme-Catalyzed Organic Synthesis of Sucrose and Trehalose with in situ Regeneration of UDP-Glucose", Haynie, S.L., and Whitesides, G.M., Appl. Biochem. Biotech., 1990, 23, 155-170. PDF

277."Comparison of Rate Constants for Thiolate-Disulfide Interchange in Water and in Polar Aprotic Solvents Using Dynamic 1H NMR Line Shape Analysis", Singh, R., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1990, 112, 1190-1197. PDF

276."Size of Alkyl Group R: Principal Factor Determining Wettability of Surface-Functionalized Polyethylenes (PE-CONHR and PE-CO2R) by Water", Wilson, M.D., Ferguson, G.S., and Whitesides, G.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1990, 112, 1244-1245. PDF

275."Wet Chemical Approaches to the Characterization of Organic Surfaces: Self-Assembled Monolayers, Wetting and the Physical-Organic Chemistry of the Solid-Liquid Interface", Whitesides, G.M., and Laibinis, P.E., Langmuir, 1990, 6, 87-96. PDF

274."X-Ray Specular Reflection Studies of Silicon Coated by Organic Monolayers (Alkylsiloxanes)", Tidswell, I.M., Ocko, B.M., Pershan, P.S., Wasserman, S.R., Whitesides, G.M., and Axe, J.D., Physical Reviews B, 1990, 41, 1111-1128. PDF

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